More subliminals from criminals …Peak Oil and Fossil Fuel and Climate change (the theory formally known as Global Warming).Is Peak Oil a myth and are hydrocarbons(oil) a renewable resourse and should we worry about them running out and do we really need hydrocarbons as a fuel sourse in the first place?
SO THE SUBLIMINALS FROM CRIMINALS IS AN IMMENINT FOSSIL FUEL CRISIS AND THE WORLD STOPS TRUCKIN’!!!!
BUT Has no-one heard of the DIESEL ENGINE?
The SIMPLE TRUTH is the first cars where BUILT FROM HEMP and ran on HEMP OIL. The Diesel engine is designed to run on plant oil NOT HYDROCARBONS. Hemp grows like a weed (because it is a weed) needs NO FERTILISER and fixes nitrates in the soild, SO 30% OF ARGOCULTURAL LAND(which is normally left Fallow ,so it can regain nitrates) IS AVAIABLE FOR HEMP PRODUCTION WITHOUT LOOSING 1 FOOT OF FOOD PRODUCTION!!!! If Oil run out tomorrow ,we could plant enough hemp to grow the cars themselves and power them from the soil, this would also be COMPLETELY CARBON NEUTRAL!!!!!
The first cars where made from hemp and ran on hemp oil . Paper was made from hemp and so where the original jeans.Hemp stood in the way of Big business .Oil,Steal, Paper and textile industries all stood to loose Big time if a cheap alternative was allowed on the market.
Henry Ford’s first Model-T was built to run on hemp gasoline and the CAR ITSELF WAS CONSTRUCTED FROM HEMP! On his large estate, Ford was photographed among his hemp fields. The car, ‘grown from the soil,’ had hemp plastic panels whose impact strength was 10 times stronger than steel; Popular Mechanics, 1941.
Rudolf Diesel, the inventor of the diesel engine, designed it to run on vegetable and seed oils like hemp; he actually ran the thing on peanut oil for the 1900 World’s Fair. Henry Ford used hemp to not only construct cars but also fuel them.
Hemp grows like a weed, requires no fertilizer and pesticides (truly organic), reduces the use of our forests–the lungs of our planet—, replenishes rather than depletes the soil and its fiber is strong and beautiful. The new hemp particle boards are rock solid. The French build entire houses out of hemp!
Industrial hemp/cannabis sativa has been an important element in cultures around the world for thousands of years. The first paper was made of hemp. Levi Strauss made the first jeans in hemp. Our ancestors crossed the frontier in wagons covered in hemp canvas. My grandfather, John G. Crusius, and my father, Lowell Crusius, were “Hemp for Victory” farmers during World War II. After the 1937 Marijuana Tax Act was passed, the US Navy stopped using industrial hemp for its rope source and began importing manila hemp(musa textilis) from the Philippines.
Also Hemp can be grown on Fallow land , thus 30% of argocultural land is waiting for hemp production of FUEL , PAPER , CLOTH etc.. all without loosing 1 piece of argocultural land that we use for food production!
As a final pointer for American , when Columbus sailed the ocean blue in 1492 , he did so with hemp sails ,held up by hemp ropes on ships waterproofed by hemp tar following hemp maps under hemp oil lamps ,while wearing hemp clothing!!!
America would not have been descovered without hemp!
The American constitution is WRITTEN ON HEMP!!!
The REAL reason for “hemp/marijuana” being made “illegal” was BIG BUSINESS ,bribing POLITIONS to remove cheap alternatives from the market place.Oil ,Petrochemical , Paper and Textile companies. Making big profits for big business , making a weapon of fear and control for big government and produces a “slave labour” force for the private prison industry and big business……remember marijuana is a NON-TOXIC MEDICINAL HERB!!!
SO OIL CAN RUN OUT BUT HUMANITY WILL KEEP ON TRUCKIN’!!!! (PROBABLY JUST MORE ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY)
OIL THE FOSSIL FUEL …..OR is it?
What with the talk of “Peak Oil” and the energy crisis and renewable energies. it might come as a complete suprise to find out that WE DO NOT KNOW WHAT OIL ACTUALLY IS!!!!!!
It is called a fossil fuel ,because when I was young ,it was believed to be made from ancient dinosaurs and ancient plant material. Today NOBODY believes this ,and those that still refer to it as a “fossil fuel” do so because they believe it is made from ancient ferns and NOT dinosaurs after all…….BUT even this explaination does NOT fit the facts,more and more it seems Oil is a NON-ORGANIC product manufactured and released from the Earths mantle, the bio-indecators are simply “thermophile” bacterial life that live deep within the Earths crust.
Abiogenic petroleum origin is an alternative hypothesis to the prevailing theory of biological petroleum origin. Most popular in the Soviet Union between the 1950s and 1980s, the abiogenic hypothesis has little support among contemporary petroleum geologists, who argue that abiogenic petroleum does not exist in significant amounts and that there is no indication that an application of the hypothesis is or has ever been of commercial value.
The abiogenic hypothesis argues that petroleum was formed from deep carbon deposits, perhaps dating to the formation of the Earth. The presence of methane on Saturn’s moon Titan is cited as evidence supporting the formation of hydrocarbons without biology. Supporters of the abiogenic hypothesis suggest that a great deal more petroleum exists on Earth than commonly thought, and that petroleum may originate from carbon-bearing fluids that migrate upward from the mantle.
Although the biogenic theory for petroleum was first proposed by Georg Agricola in the 16th century, various abiogenic hypotheses were proposed in the nineteenth century, most notably by Alexander von Humboldt, the Russian chemist Dmitri Mendeleev and the French chemist Marcellin Berthelot. Since that time, the abiogenic hypotheses have lost ground to the view that petroleum is a fossil fuel.
Abiogenic hypotheses were revived in the last half of the twentieth century by Russian and Ukrainian scientists, and more interest was generated in the West by the publication in 1999 of The Deep Hot Biosphere by Thomas Gold. Gold cited the discovery of thermophile bacteria in the Earth’s crust as new support for the postulate that these bacteria could explain the existence of certain biomarkers in extracted petroleum.
TODAY THE LARGEST SUPPLY OF HYDROCARBONS FOUND IS ON SATURN’S MOON TITAN
If Oil has an organic sourse there must of been a hell of a lot of dinosaurs and ferns living on Titan then
Titan’s surface organics surpass oil reserves on Earth
Saturn’s orange moon Titan has hundreds of times more liquid hydrocarbons than all the known oil and natural gas reserves on Earth, according to new Cassini data. The hydrocarbons rain from the sky, collecting in vast deposits that form lakes and dunes.
The new findings from the study led by Ralph Lorenz, Cassini radar team member from the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, USA, are reported in the 29 January 2008 issue of the Geophysical Research Letters.
“Titan is just covered in carbon-bearing material—it’s a giant factory of organic chemicals,” said Lorenz. “This vast carbon inventory is an important window into the geology and climate history of Titan.”
At a balmy minus 179º C , Titan is a far cry from Earth. Instead of water, liquid hydrocarbons in the form of methane and ethane are present on the moon’s surface, and tholins probably make up its dunes. The term ‘tholins’ was coined by Carl Sagan in 1979 to describe the complex organic molecules at the heart of prebiotic chemistry.
Cassini has mapped about 20% of Titan’s surface with radar. Several hundred lakes and seas have been observed, with each of several dozen estimated to contain more hydrocarbon liquid than Earth’s oil and gas reserves. The dark dunes that run along the equator contain a volume of organics several hundred times larger than Earth’s coal reserves.
Proven reserves of natural gas on Earth total 130 thousand million tons, enough to provide 300 times the amount of energy the entire United States uses annually for residential heating, cooling and lighting. Dozens of Titan’s lakes individually have the equivalent of at least this much energy in the form of methane and ethane.
The question of how much liquid is on the surface is an important one because methane is a strong greenhouse gas on Titan as well as on Earth, but there is much more of it on Titan. If all the observed liquid on Titan is methane, it would only last a few million years, because as methane escapes into Titan’s atmosphere, it breaks down and escapes into space. If the methane were to run out, Titan could become much colder. Scientists believe that methane might be supplied to the atmosphere by venting from the interior in cryovolcanic eruptions. “We are carbon-based life, and understanding how far along the chain of complexity towards life that chemistry can go in an environment like Titan will be important in understanding the origins of life throughout the universe,” added Lorenz.
METEORITES ALSO MUST OF HAD DINOSAURS AND FERNS LIVING ON THEM IN GREAT NUMBERS
Aliphatic Hydrocarbons in Meteorites
Department of Chemistry, University of Houston, Houston, Texas
Naturally occurring mixtures of terrestrial isoprenoids and other aliphatic hydrocarbons give the same chromatographic patterns as aliphatic hydrocarbons from carbonaceous chondrites; carbonaceous chondrites Wiik Types II and III show substantially higher contents of aliphatic hydrocarbons than meteoritic graphite nodules and Type I carbonaceous chondrites. Any theory of the origin of hydrocarbons in meteorites must explain these features.
J. ORÓ & D. W. NOONER
SO MUCH FOR “FOSSIL FUEL”!!
WHAT ABOUT PEAK OIL AND NORTH SEA OIL RUNNING OUT SOON!!!
ON PLANET EARTH THE OLD CAPPED OIL FIELDS ARE REFILLING………HAVE MORE DINOSAURS DIED RECENTLY?
Apparently, this new oil is seeping up from deeper underground. The article asserts that this is simply upward movement from older, deeper oil fields. I would point out, however, this discovery might also be evidence supporting the controversial theory that oil originates within the molten mantle of the earth, not from the decay of organic material (which is the accepted theory).
Even crazier, raw oil seeping into the ocean from old wells seems to be supporting its own ecosystems:
“Our first discovery was with trawls. We knew it was an area of massive seepage, and we expected that the oil seeps would poison everything around” the site. But they found just the opposite.
It would appear that, in a manner similar to the life forms recently discovered around deep hydrogen sulfide vents, complete ecosystems spring up around the places where oil naturally leaks out of the bedrock and into the ocean.
IT WOULD BE THESE ECOSYSTEMS THAT GIVE OIL ITS BIO-MARKERS DEEP IN THE EARTHS CRUST
For more information:
A paper titled “CONSIDERATIONS ABOUT RECENT PREDICTIONS OF IMPENDING SHORTAGES OF PETROLEUM EVALUATED
FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF MODERN PETROLEUM SCIENCE.”
A Cornell University paper titled “Can There Be Two Independent Sources of Commercial Hydrocarbon
Deposits, One Derived from Biological Materials, the Other from Primordial Carbon and Hydrogen,
Incorporated into the Earth at its Formation?”
A Columbia University paper on undersea fluid seeps
Posted: May 25, 2004
1:00 am Eastern
By Chris Bennett
© 2010 WorldNetDaily.com
About 80 miles off of the coast of Louisiana lies a mostly submerged mountain, the top of which is known as Eugene Island. The portion underwater is an eerie-looking, sloping tower jutting up from the depths of the Gulf of Mexico, with deep fissures and perpendicular faults which spontaneously spew natural gas. A significant reservoir of crude oil was discovered nearby in the late ’60s, and by 1970, a platform named Eugene 330 was busily producing about 15,000 barrels a day of high-quality crude oil.
By the late ’80s, the platform’s production had slipped to less than 4,000 barrels per day, and was considered pumped out. Done. Suddenly, in 1990, production soared back to 15,000 barrels a day, and the reserves which had been estimated at 60 million barrels in the ’70s, were recalculated at 400 million barrels. Interestingly, the measured geological age of the new oil was quantifiably different than the oil pumped in the ’70s.
Analysis of seismic recordings revealed the presence of a “deep fault” at the base of the Eugene Island reservoir which was gushing up a river of oil from some deeper and previously unknown source.
Similar results were seen at other Gulf of Mexico oil wells. Similar results were found in the Cook Inlet oil fields in Alaska. Similar results were found in oil fields in Uzbekistan. Similarly in the Middle East, where oil exploration and extraction have been under way for at least the last 20 years, known reserves have doubled. Currently there are somewhere in the neighborhood of 680 billion barrels of Middle East reserve oil.
Creating that much oil would take a big pile of dead dinosaurs and fermenting prehistoric plants. Could there be another source for crude oil?
An intriguing theory now permeating oil company research staffs suggests that crude oil may actually be a natural inorganic product, not a stepchild of unfathomable time and organic degradation. The theory suggests there may be huge, yet-to-be-discovered reserves of oil at depths that dwarf current world estimates.
The theory is simple: Crude oil forms as a natural inorganic process which occurs between the mantle and the crust, somewhere between 5 and 20 miles deep. The proposed mechanism is as follows:
Methane (CH4) is a common molecule found in quantity throughout our solar system – huge concentrations exist at great depth in the Earth.
At the mantle-crust interface, roughly 20,000 feet beneath the surface, rapidly rising streams of compressed methane-based gasses hit pockets of high temperature causing the condensation of heavier hydrocarbons. The product of this condensation is commonly known as crude oil.
Some compressed methane-based gasses migrate into pockets and reservoirs we extract as “natural gas.” In the geologically “cooler,” more tectonically stable regions around the globe, the crude oil pools into reservoirs.
In the “hotter,” more volcanic and tectonically active areas, the oil and natural gas continue to condense and eventually to oxidize, producing carbon dioxide and steam, which exits from active volcanoes.
Periodically, depending on variations of geology and Earth movement, oil seeps to the surface in quantity, creating the vast oil-sand deposits of Canada and Venezuela, or the continual seeps found beneath the Gulf of Mexico and Uzbekistan.
Periodically, depending on variations of geology, the vast, deep pools of oil break free and replenish existing known reserves of oil.
There are a number of observations across the oil-producing regions of the globe that support this theory, and the list of proponents begins with Mendelev (who created the periodic table of elements) and includes Dr. Thomas Gold (founding director of Cornell University Center for Radiophysics and Space Research) and Dr. J.F. Kenney of Gas Resources Corporations, Houston, Texas.
In his 1999 book, “The Deep Hot Biosphere,” Dr. Gold presents compelling evidence for inorganic oil formation. He notes that geologic structures where oil is found all correspond to “deep earth” formations, not the haphazard depositions we find with sedimentary rock, associated fossils or even current surface life.
He also notes that oil extracted from varying depths from the same oil field have the same chemistry –oil chemistry does not vary as fossils vary with increasing depth. Also interesting is the fact that oil is found in huge quantities among geographic formations where assays of prehistoric life are not sufficient to produce the existing reservoirs of oil. Where then did it come from?
Another interesting fact is that every oil field throughout the world has outgassing helium. Helium is so often present in oil fields that helium detectors are used as oil-prospecting tools. Helium is an inert gas known to be a fundamental product of the radiological decay or uranium and thorium, identified in quantity at great depths below the surface of the earth, 200 and more miles below. It is not found in meaningful quantities in areas that are not producing methane, oil or natural gas. It is not a member of the dozen or so common elements associated with life. It is found throughout the solar system as a thoroughly inorganic product.
Even more intriguing is evidence that several oil reservoirs around the globe are refilling themselves, such as the Eugene Island reservoir – not from the sides, as would be expected from cocurrent organic reservoirs, but from the bottom up.
Dr. Gold strongly believes that oil is a “renewable, primordial soup continually manufactured by the Earth under ultrahot conditions and tremendous pressures. As this substance migrates toward the surface, it is attached by bacteria, making it appear to have an organic origin dating back to the dinosaurs.”
Smaller oil companies and innovative teams are using this theory to justify deep oil drilling in Alaska and the Gulf of Mexico, among other locations, with some success. Dr. Kenney is on record predicting that parts of Siberia contain a deep reservoir of oil equal to or exceeding that already discovered in the Middle East.
Could this be true?
In August 2002, in the “Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (US),” Dr. Kenney published a paper, which had a partial title of “The genesis of hydrocarbons and the origin of petroleum.” Dr.Kenney and three Russian coauthors conclude:
The Hydrogen-Carbon system does not spontaneously evolve hydrocarbons at pressures less than 30 Kbar,even in the most favorable environment. The H-C system evolves hydrocarbons under pressures found in the mantle of the Earth and at temperatures consistent with that environment.
He was quoted as stating that “competent physicists, chemists, chemical engineers and men knowledgeable of thermodynamics have known that natural petroleum does not evolve from biological materials since the last quarter of the 19th century.”
Deeply entrenched in our culture is the belief that at some point in the relatively near future we will see the last working pump on the last functioning oil well screech and rattle, and that will be that. The end of the Age of Oil. And unless we find another source of cheap energy, the world will rapidly become a much darker and dangerous place.
If Dr. Gold and Dr. Kenney are correct, this “the end of the world as we know it” scenario simply won’t happen. Think about it … while not inexhaustible, deep Earth reserves of inorganic crude oil and commercially feasible extraction would provide the world with generations of low-cost fuel. Dr. Gold has been quoted saying that current worldwide reserves of crude oil could be off by a factor of over 100.
A Hedberg Conference, sponsored by the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, was scheduled to discuss and publicly debate this issue. Papers were solicited from interested academics and professionals. The conference was scheduled to begin June 9, 2003, but was canceled at the last minute. A new date has yet to be set.
Gas Origin Theories To Be Studied
The Mystery Of Eugene Island 330
Odd Reservoir Off Louisiana Prods Oil Experts To Seek A Deeper Meaning
It is suspected that the process of upward migration of petroleum is driven by natural gas that is being continually produced both by deeply buried bacteria and from oil being broken down in the deeper, hotter layers of sediment. The pressures and heat at great depth are thought to be increasing because the ground is sinking — subsiding — as a result of new sediments piling up on top.
In studying so-called biomarkers in the oil, Whelan said, it was concluded that the oil is closely related to other very old oils, implying that it “was probably generated very early and then remained trapped at depth until recently.” And, she added, other analyses “show that this oil must have remained trapped at depths and temperatures much greater than those of the present-day producing reservoirs.”
At great depth, where the heat and pressure are high enough, she explained, methane is produced by oil being “cracked,” and production of gas “is able to cause sufficient pressure to periodically open the fracture system and allow upward fluid flow of methane, with entrapment of oil in its path.”
Roberts added that natural seepage in places like the Gulf of Mexico “far exceeds anything that gets spilled” by oil tankers and other sources.
“The results of this have been a big surprise for me,” said Whelan. “I never would have expected that the gas is moving up so quickly and what a huge effect it has on the whole system.”
Although the oil industry hasn’t shown great enthusiasm for the idea — arguing that the upward migration is too slow and too uncommon to do much good — the search for new oil and gas supplies already has been affected, Whelan and Kennicutt said. Now, companies scan the sea surface for signs of oil slicks that might point to new deposits.
“People are using airplane surveys for the slicks and are doing water column fluorescence measurements looking for the oil,” Whelan said. “They’re looking for the sources of the seeps and trying to hook that into the seismic evidence” normally used in searching for buried oil.
Similar research on known oil basins in the North Sea is also under way, and “that oil is very interesting. There are absolutely marvelous pictures of coral reefs which formed from seepage [of gas] from North Sea reservoirs,” Whelan said.
Analysis of the ancient oil that seems to be coming up from deep below in the Gulf of Mexico suggests that the flow of new oil “is coming from deeper, hotter formations” and is not simply a lateral inflow from the old deposits that surround existing oil fields, she said. The chemical composition of the migrating oil also indicates it is being driven upward and is being altered by highly pressurized gases squeezing up from below.
SO IS OIL A VITAL PART OF PLANETRY PLATE TECTONICS AND SHOULD WE BEEN DRAINING IT?! IS THIS LIKE DRAINING FLUID FROM OUR JOINTS?
PEAK OIL AND FOSSIL FUEL ARE SUBLIMINALS FROM A CRIMINALS AND A CON!!!
AND IT SEEMS NORTH SEA OIL MAYBE A RENEWABLE ENERGY SUPPLY
BUT Today we should be driving in our hemp cars powered by hemp and sunlight ,wearing our hemp clothes reading our hemp maps and books in a WORLD WITHOUT PETROCHEMICAL POLUTION(using carbon neutral hemp oil and plastics) WITHOUT MASS DEFORESTATION(using hemp paper and building materials) WITH AN ABUNDANCE OF FOOD (hemp grows on fallow land, and why would we grow cotton anymore ,hemp fiber is cheaper and stronger and we would NOT be using corn for ethenol biofuel production).This is ALL without even mentioning solar energy , wind power , water turbines , thermo and hydro electric generators,etc..etc..etc..
CRISIS!!! WHAT CRISIS????! …
THE ONLY CRISIS I SEE IS THE “WAR ON DRUGS” AND THAT HUMANITY STILL PUTS UP WITH GODS , GOVERNMENTS AND BIG BUSINESS!!!!
DIRECT DEMOCRACY AND LIBERTARIAN SOCIALISM IS THE ANSWER!!!
PLEASE ,PLEASE PEOPLE ,WITH THE GENERAL ELECTION IN THE UK JUST AROUND THE CORNER AND THE POLITICAL MUPPET SHOW ON THE ROAD PLEASE DO NOT MAKE THE SAME MISTAKES AGAIN AND VOTE LABOUR OR TORY,
VOTE FOR CHANGE!!!!
AT LEAST VOTE LIBERAL OR SOCIALIST PARTY AS THEY OPPOSED THE ILLEGAL WAR, BUT I DO NOT SEE THIS CHANGING THE STATUS QUO OR ENDING GOVERNMENT CORRUPTION!!!
BUT VOTE SNP AND YOU WILL MAKE HISTORY AND CHANGE SCOTLAND AND THE WORLD FOREVER!!!