As we prepare to celebrate the ancient pagan festival of Ishtar ,the modern new age religions of Abrahamic monotheism call this Easter. I would like to take some time to explain one of humanites oldest beliefs, ATHEISM! A lot of people do not understand atheism and its philosophy. Not really suprising ,as just like anarchy its political brother ,it comes in many forms . These belief systems are constantly either attacked ,belittled or ignored by mainstream establishment. This too is not really suprising as these belief systems empower the individual and weaken the powers of central authority,these systems embody freedom and liberty. In atheism as in anarchism it is for the user to model these beliefs into the most beneficial and logical form for the user. That is its nature .Atheism is an infinitly variable belief system. It can be religious atheism or secular atheism ,but atheistic beliefs are the most common and the oldest known and longest lasting in humanity. It is still growing today. Atheism has always been with us and will never leave us ,no matter how many of us the powers that be burn. You just cannot kill a good idea , you can only hide it or bad mouth it!
Most people think of Atheists being secular people with little imagination, or in some cases too much imagination, this is a very misguided opinion ,usually held by Abrahamic monotheists , as they really have no clue about any other belief system but thier own. Its part of thier dogma not to study other beliefs, its part of thier dogma to actively convert non-believers, an imposition that other beliefs and atheists do not follow. Leading by example is a much better way of spreading your ideas. Actually Abrahamic monotheists tend to know remarkably little about thier own belief system as well ,this too is probably intentional ,because when you look into it ,it is a very modern ,simplistic ,nonsensical and plagarised belief,designed to control hearts and minds not liberate them! Ultimately it keeps the masses scared and ignorant . I think that is one reason they still believe in some “anthropomorphic creator god” of love … which they all live in fear of.
In reality a lot of the world religions and belief systems cater for atheism, some actually demand you are an atheist! Its the Freemasons and Abrahamic monotheists that demand you believe in a all powerful god!
In Hinduism ,the worlds oldest major religion, we see originally it was an atheist belief system,its still contains this belief today.
Early Abrahamic monotheists where accussed of being atheists by polytheistic pagans, as the monotheists refused to believe in the gods and worshipped only some divine spirit ,that was not a god ,but was a god.
SO WHAT IS ATHEISM ? IS IT A PHILOSOPHY ,IS IT A WAY OF LIFE , IS IT SPIRITUAL OR SECULAR ,IS IT A SCIENCE OR IS IT EVEN A RELIGION?……..WELL ITS ALL THAT AND MORE
RELIGIOUS ATHEISM….in the beginning nobody moved across the darkness
OR MY KARMA JUST RAN OVER YOUR DOGMA….sorry mate I didn’t see it running across the darkness 😉
ATHEISM IN 2,000BC AND BEFORE……………………
HINDUISM THE OLDEST MAJOR RELIGION AND THE WORLDS THIRD LARGEST RELIGION, WAS ORIGINALLY ATHEIST!
Hinduism is a diverse system of thought with beliefs spanning monotheism, polytheism, panentheism, pantheism, monism, and atheism among others;and its concept of God is complex and depends upon each individual and the tradition and philosophy followed.
The Rig Veda, the oldest scripture and the mainstay of Hindu philosophy does not take a restrictive view on the fundamental question of God and the creation of universe. It rather lets the individual seek and discover answers in the quest of life. Nasadiya Sukta (Creation Hymn) of the Rig Veda thus says:
Who really knows?
Who will here proclaim it?
Whence was it produced? Whence is this creation?
The gods came afterwards, with the creation of this universe.
Who then knows whence it has arisen?
Most Hindus believe that the spirit or soul — the true “self” of every person, called the atman — is eternal.According to the monistic/pantheistic theologies of Hinduism (such as Advaita Vedanta school), this Atman is ultimately indistinct from Brahman, the supreme spirit.
THE OLDEST ORTHODOX HINDU PHILOSOPHY WAS ATHEISM
Samkhya is the oldest of the orthodox philosophical systems in Hinduism. Samkhya is a strongly dualistic philosophy that postulates everything in reality stems from purusha (Sanskrit: ?????, self, atma or soul) and prakriti (matter, creative agency or energy). Samkhya denies the existence of God.
Atheism (Sanskrit: nir-isvara-vada, lit. “statement of no Lord”, “doctrine of godlessness”) or disbelief in God or gods has been a historically propounded viewpoint in many of the orthodox and heterodox streams of Hindu philosophies.Generally, atheism is valid in Hinduism, but some schools view the path of an atheist to be difficult to follow in matters of spirituality.
Hindu atheists treat Hinduism as a “way of life” but not as a religion. Their day-to-day lifestyle will be almost similar to most Hindu theists but they do not accept the existence of God. They live by their Hindu values and traditions.
The Sanskrit term Astika (“pious, orthodox”) refers to the systems of thought which admit the validity of the Vedas.Sanskrit asti means “there is”, and Astika (per Pa?ini 4.2.60) derives from the verb, meaning “one who says ‘asti'”.
Technically, in Hindu philosophy the term Astika refers only to acceptance of authority of Vedas, not belief in the existence of God. Among the six Astika schools of Hindu philosophy, the Samkhya do not accept God, and the early Mimamsa also rejected the notion of God. The early Mimamsa not only did not accept God but said that human action itself was enough to create the necessary circumstances for the enjoyment of its fruits. The atheistic viewpoint in the Samkhya and Mimamsa schools of Hindu philosophy takes the form of rejecting a creator-God. The Samkhya school believed in a dual existence of prakriti (“nature”) and purusha (“spirit”) and had no place for an Ishvara (“God”) in its system. The early Mimamsakas believed in an adrishta (“unseen”) that resulted from performing karmas (“works”) and saw no need for an Ishvara in their system. Mimamsa, as a philosophy, deals exclusively with karma and thus is sometimes called Karma-Mimamsa. The karmas dealt with in Mimamsa concern the performance of yajnas (sacrifices to gods) enjoined in the Vedas.
BUDDHISM THE WORLDS 4TH LARGEST RELIGIOUS BELIEF IS COMPLETELY ATHEIST. EVEN CONTEMPLATING A CREATOR-GOD WILL HINDER YOU FROM ACHIEVING NIRVANA
The non-adherence to the notion of an omnipotent creator deity or a prime mover is seen by many as a key distinction between Buddhism and other religions. In Buddhism the sole aim of spiritual practice is the complete alleviation of stress in samsara, called nirvana. The Buddha explicitly rejects a creator,denies endorsing any views on creation and states that questions on the origin of the world are worthless dogmatic beliefs in a Supreme God are considered to pose a hindrance to the attainment of nirvana, the highest goal of Buddhist practice
However, an intelligent metaphysical underlying ‘ground of enlightenment’ is not ruled out by Buddhism, although Buddhists are generally very careful to distinguish this idea from that of an independent ‘creator-God’
It is noteworthy that the Bonpo tradition claims that it was founded by a Buddha-like figure named Tonpa Shenrab Miwoche, to whom are ascribed teachings similar in scope to those ascribed to the historical Buddha. Bonpos claim that Tonpa Shenrab Miwoche lived some 18,000 years ago, and visited Tibet from the land of Tagzig Olmo Lung Ring, or Shambhala. Bonpos also suggest that during this time Lord Shenrab Miwoche’s teaching permeated the entire subcontinent and was in part responsible for the development of the Vedic religion. An example of this link is said to be Mount Kailash, which is the center of Zhang Zhung culture, and also the most sacred mountain to Hindus. As a result, the Bonpos claim that the supposedly much later teaching at least indirectly owes its origin to Tonpa Shenrab Miwoche.
THESE BELIEF SYSTEMS TRACE THIER ROOTS BACK TO THE PROTO-INDO-EUROPEAN BELIEFS .THIS COULD BE OUR MOST ANCIENT BELIEF SYSTEM!!
Proto-Indo-European religion is the hypothesized religion of the Proto-Indo-European (PIE) peoples based on the existence of similarities among the deities, religious practices and mythologies of the Indo-European peoples
The Proto-Indo-Europeans were the speakers of the Proto-Indo-European language (PIE), a reconstructed prehistoric language of Eurasia.
Knowledge of them comes chiefly from the linguistic reconstruction, along with material evidence from archaeology and archaeogenetics.
The Proto-Indo-Europeans in this sense likely lived during the late Neolithic, or roughly the 4th millennium BC. Mainstream scholarship places them in the forest-steppe zone immediately to the north of the western end of the Pontic-Caspian steppe in Eastern Europe. Some archaeologists would extend the time depth of PIE to the middle Neolithic (5500 to 4500 BC) or even the early Neolithic (7500 to 5500 BC), and suggest alternative location hypotheses.
The discovery of Göbekli Tepe seems to have pushed this date even further back in time
Göbekli Tepe [ɡøbe̞kli te̞pɛ] (“Potbelly Hill”) is a Neolithic (stone-age) hilltop sanctuary erected at the top of a mountain ridge in southeastern Anatolia, some 15 kilometers (9 mi) northeast of the town of Şanlıurfa (formerly Urfa / Edessa). It is the oldest known human-made religious structure. The site was most likely erected by hunter-gatherers in the 10th millennium BCE (c. 12,000 years ago)
The Indo-European languages are a family (or phylum) of several hundred related languages and dialects, including most major current languages of Europe, the Iranian plateau, and South Asia and also historically predominant in Anatolia. With written attestations appearing since the Bronze Age, in the form of the Anatolian languages and Mycenaean Greek, the Indo-European family is significant to the field of historical linguistics as possessing the longest recorded history after the Afroasiatic family.
Albanian ·Armenian ·Baltic ·Celtic ·Germanic ·Hellenic ·Indo-Iranian (Indo-Aryan, Iranian) ·Italic ·Slavic
Indo-European language-speaking peoples
Balts ·Slavs ·Albanians ·Italics ·Celts ·Germanic peoples ·Greeks ·Paleo-Balkans (Illyrians ·Thracians ·Dacians)
Anatolians (Hittites, Luwians) ·Armenians ·Indo-Iranians (Iranians ·Indo-Aryans) ·Tocharians
Abashevo culture ·Afanasevo culture ·Andronovo culture ·Baden culture ·Beaker culture ·Catacomb culture ·Cernavodă culture ·Chasséen culture ·Chernoles culture ·Corded Ware culture ·Cucuteni-Trypillian culture ·Dnieper-Donets culture ·Gumelniţa-Karanovo culture ·Gushi culture ·Karasuk culture ·Kemi Oba culture ·Khvalynsk culture ·Kura-Araxes culture ·Lusatian culture ·Kurgan ·Koban ·Kura-Araxes ·Shulaveri-Shomu ·Colchian ·Trialeti ·Maykop culture ·Leyla-Tepe culture ·Jar-Burial ·Khojaly-Gadabay ·Middle Dnieper culture ·Narva culture ·Novotitorovka culture ·Poltavka culture ·Potapovka culture ·Samara culture ·Seroglazovo culture ·Sredny Stog culture ·Srubna culture ·Terramare culture ·Usatovo culture ·Vučedol culture ·Yamna culture
MOST OF THESE ANCIENT CULTURES ARE NOT ADVERTISED IN THE MODERN WORLD
THESE CULTURES DO NOT FIT INTO THE BIBLICAL DOGMA SCHEME OF THINGS, SO THIER SCIENTIFIC FINDINGS GET IGNORED ,EXCEPT BY ACADEMIA. WHILE ABRAHAMIC MONOTHEISMS REFUSE TO HAVE THIER RELICS VERIFIED BY SCIENCE.
IF THEY HAD THE CONVICTION OF TRUE FAITH THEY SHOULD BE HAPPY AND CONFIDENT THAT THIER RELICS ARE GENUINE.
THE LAME EXCUSE OF IT DENYING FAITH IS BOGUS! IF THE RELICS ARE GENUINE THIS WOULD BOLSTER THE FAITH!
BECAUSE THEY KNOW ITS ALL LIES ,THEY REFUSE TO SCIENTIFICALLY TEST THIER FAITH! AS IT WOULD BE SHOWN FOR THE LIES THEY ARE!
MEANWHILE ALL THE PAGAN RELICS AND TEMPLES CHECK OUT SCIENTIFICALLY!!!
SO MUCH FOR TRUE FAITH
MODERN SECULAR ATHEISM
There is the scientific atheist ,who does not believe in a creator god but finds his beliefs very similar to those of the ancient Hindus.
energy = matter times the speed of light squared
This scientific equation proves that the universe is made of matter and energy which cannot be destroyed and can only change form ,which it does perfectly.No god is required in this equation.
This is very similar to Hinduism oldest belief
Samkhya is the oldest of the orthodox philosophical systems in Hinduism. Samkhya is a strongly dualistic philosophy that postulates everything in reality stems from purusha (Sanskrit: ?????, self, atma or soul) and prakriti (matter, creative agency or energy). Samkhya denies the existence of God.
In practical science we see gravity is god ,the uncreated creator. Without it there would be no stars or planets or you or me or anything! As far as I know no atheist or scientist has sacrificed any human or animal to gravity.
Also god becomes a scientific problem, we are already struggling to find out how the universe was created , we do NOT need to add how a god was created into this equation as well!
In practical or pragmatic atheism, also known as apatheism, individuals live as if there are no gods and explain natural phenomena without resorting to the divine. The existence of gods is not rejected, but may be designated unnecessary or useless; gods neither provide purpose to life, nor influence everyday life, according to this view. A form of practical atheism with implications for the scientific community is methodological naturalism—the “tacit adoption or assumption of philosophical naturalism within scientific method with or without fully accepting or believing it”
THE NILIHIST “WE ARE ALL GOING TO DIE” ATHEISM..THE POPULAR IMAGE
There is the nilihist atheist which believes we just got this life ,its one shot at the dice and thats all folks, you’re worm food.This is a lack of belief in anything really.It is what happens when an Abrahamic monotheist rejects the dogma, he is faced with god or nothing ! Most of the time its just because these people have not thought about god ,death and the universe and actually have no real opinion on it.They have just rejected the dogmas of established religion. But there are the fatalist atheists that believe in the one roll and its worm food theory .This concept actually goes against science , simply because , according to E=MC2 ,matter is energy and it is impossible to destroy energy , you can only convert it .this is scientifically proven beyond doubt. This form of Nilistic atheism goes against science , almost as much as Abrahamic monotheism! Personally I find this view not as common as once thought ,and if they do believe it,its tempered with a belief of its not the end of everything I was and did, its just the end of me as a personal character,my memory will live on ,but it too will fade .It is more a secualr belief in recycling similar to a religious belief in reincarnation without the continuing personality. Actually I find this nilihistic atheism is what most Abrahamic monotheists THINK atheists believe, without actually asking what the atheist in question does actually believe. This is easily explained when you realise it is the easiest form of atheism to dispute and its cold conclusions are not that appealling, its like finding out santa does not exist…………you do know santa does not exist? OK just checking 😉
SO WHAT IS AN ATHEIST?
Atheism is, in a broad sense, the rejection of belief in the existence of deities. In a narrower sense, atheism is specifically the position that there are no deities. Most inclusively, atheism is simply the absence of belief that any deities exist. Atheism is contrasted with theism, which in its most general form is the belief that at least one deity exists.
The term atheism originated from the Greek ἄθεος (atheos), meaning “without god”, used as a pejorative term applied to those thought to reject the gods worshipped by the larger society. With the spread of freethought, skeptical inquiry, and subsequent increase in criticism of religion, application of the term narrowed in scope. The first individuals to identify themselves using the word “atheist” lived in the 18th century
IS IT A PHILOSOPHY?
Although some atheists have adopted secular philosophies, there is no one ideology or set of behaviors to which all atheists adhere
Similarly, George H. Smith (1979) coined the term implicit atheism to refer to “the absence of theistic belief without a conscious rejection of it” and explicit atheism to refer to the more common definition of conscious disbelief. Ernest Nagel contradicts Smith’s definition of atheism as merely “absence of theism”, acknowledging only explicit atheism as true “atheism”.
Philosophers such as Antony Flew, and Michael Martin, have contrasted positive (strong/hard) atheism with negative (weak/soft) atheism. Positive atheism is the explicit affirmation that gods do not exist. Negative atheism includes all other forms of non-theism. According to this categorization, anyone who is not a theist is either a negative or a positive atheist.Under this demarcation of atheism, most agnostics qualify as negative atheists
IS IT A RELIGION?
Although in Western culture atheists are often irreligious, many consider themselves spiritual. Philosophers such as Georges Bataille, Slavoj Žižek, Alain de Botton, and Alexander Bard & Jan Söderqvist have all argued that atheists should reclaim religion as an act of defiance against theism, precisely not to leave religion as an unwarranted monopoly to theists. Bataille set out to do this with his Atheology project in 1952-53 and de Botton returns to the idea in his work Religion for Atheists (2012). Such projects are often referred to as atheological rather than atheist to differentiate them from secular atheism. de Botton even calls his philosophy Atheism 2.0 to underline the difference between Atheology and Secular Atheism.
Atheism also figures in many religious and spiritual belief systems within Jainism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Toaism and Neopagan movements such as Wicca.
EVEN IN ANCIENT GREECE ATHEISM WAS REGOGNISED
In early ancient Greek, the adjective atheos (ἄθεος, from the privative ἀ- + θεός “god”) meant “godless”. It was first used as a term of censure roughly meaning “ungodly” or “impious”. In the 5th century BCE, the word began to indicate more deliberate and active godlessness in the sense of “severing relations with the gods” or “denying the gods”. Modern translations of classical texts sometimes render atheos as “atheistic”. As an abstract noun, there was also ἀθεότης (atheotēs), “atheism”. Cicero transliterated the Greek word into the Latin atheos.
TO POLYTHEISTIC PAGANS ,ABRAHAMIC MONOTHEISTS WHERE THE ATHEISTS
The term found frequent use in the debate between early Christians(monotheists) and Hellenists, with each side attributing it, in the pejorative sense, to the other.The ancient Romans accused early Christians(monotheists) of being atheists for not worshiping the pagan deities. Gradually, this view fell into disfavor as theism came to be understood as encompassing belief in any divinity.I use the term early christian very loosely as modern christians did not exist at this time. Atheism is a lot older than christianity!
IN THE MODERN WESTERN WORLD ATHEISM AS A BELIEF WAS FIRST RECOGNISED IN THE 18TH CENTURY
Atheism was first used to describe a self-avowed belief in late 18th-century Europe, specifically denoting disbelief in the monotheistic Abrahamic god In the 20th century, globalization contributed to the expansion of the term to refer to disbelief in all deities, though it remains common in Western society to describe atheism as simply “disbelief in God”.
BUT SHOULD THERE EVEN BE A TERM ATHEIST?
Some atheists have doubted the very need for the term “atheism”. In his book Letter to a Christian Nation, Sam Harris wrote:
In fact, “atheism” is a term that should not even exist. No one ever needs to identify himself as a “non-astrologer” or a “non-alchemist.” We do not have words for people who doubt that Elvis is still alive or that aliens have traversed the galaxy only to molest ranchers and their cattle. Atheism is nothing more than the noises reasonable people make in the presence of unjustified religious beliefs
ATHEISM IS THE BROADEST AND OLDEST OF HUMAN BELIEFS…AND STILL MAKES SENSE TODAY!! IT HAS STOOD THE TEST OF TIME AND HAS WATCHED AS GODS RISE AND FALL WITH ALARMING REGULARITY AND A LOT OF BLOODSHED!!
HUMAN BEINGS HAVE TO BE TAUGHT A RELIGION .
DEPENDING ON WHERE YOU ARE BORN, WILL DEPEND ON WHICH RELIGION YOU GET TAUGHT
UNLIKE A BELIEF IN THE EFFECTS OF THE LAWS OF THERMODYNAMICS ,WHICH WILL BE THE SAME EVERYWHERE, CULTURALLY INDOCTRINATED OR NOT!
WE ARE ALL BORN ATHEIST SOME JUST STRAY FROM THE PATH
As far back as 1772, Baron d’Holbach said that “All children are born Atheists; they have no idea of God.” Similarly, George H. Smith (1979) suggested that: “The man who is unacquainted with theism is an atheist because he does not believe in a god. This category would also include the child with the conceptual capacity to grasp the issues involved, but who is still unaware of those issues. The fact that this child does not believe in god qualifies him as an atheist.”
THE PERSECUTION OF ATHEISTS HAS BEEN GOING ON FOR A LONG TIME
JUST AS SECULAR AUTHORITARIANS PERSECUTE ANARCHISTS AND LIBERTARIANS
RELIGIOUS AUTHORITARIANS PERSECUTE ATHEISTS AND FREE THINKERS
What I do notice is that the older and original and organic religions tend to accept atheism within its belief systems.In fact the major ancient beliefs seemed to be atheist, or at least denied a belief in a creator god. Its the later “New Age of Pisces” INVENTED RELIGIONS that have a big problem with atheists. These invented belief systems look for and even forcefully convert people,usually by force or against thier will . Real and true beliefs ,people are drawn too .BUT there is a very good reason for enfored converstion and the destruction of old beliefs. The reason these religions where invented in the first place ,was for the purpose of population control,Cyrus the Great and zoroastrian scribes for Judaism , Constantine the Great and sun worshipping scribes for Christianity and Othman the 3rd Caliph with Ebonite and Nestorian scribes for Islam ,they ALL are just original fascism. One god , one empire one emperor…no room for other beliefs, atheism or free expression in this belief system! Atheists will be burned at the stake or stoned to death, no room for free thought or freewill in this book of beliefs,there will be a chapter in thier book somewhere telling them the correct holy way to kill the unbeliever,…in the name of an all powerful god of love?!?!?!
This begs 2 questions
1. If he is all powerful why doesn’t he just kill me himself , or show me the error of my way?
2.What is a god of love doing with chapters on human sacrifice and how to kill unbelievers or infidels?
BUT THIS BEHAVIOUR IS TO BE EXPECTED FROM THE RELIGIOUS
AS RELIGION MAKES YOU A LESS COMPASSIONATE PERSON
Religion actually seems to make you a less nice and less compationate person.
The religious psychological effect being, if an all powerful god is giving you a bad time, then these religious people will not want to help you, as this would be defying gods will.
This psychology leads to cultural and personal superiourity attitudes which means attrocities happen as absurdites are believed.
Atheists tend to feel compassion and a personal shared bond with fellow human beings ,while the religious blame god and personal irreverance and say its gods will that people suffer for thier sins.
Highly religious people are less motivated by compassion than are non-believers
By Yasmin Anwar, Media Relations | April 30, 2012
MEANWHILE SCIENCE SHOWS US THE TRUE WAY
IT ALSO SUGGESTS WE ARE STILL SCIENTIFIC PRIMITIVES WITH NO GUARANTEED LONG TERM SURVIVAL
Science is a tool ,not a belief. Science can help us test our beliefs so we can discard beliefs we find to be demonstratibly false. Beliefs like Abrahamic monotheism.
BUT we must remember that our science is puny compared to the power and workings of the universe. Our universe is mechanically perfect , its changes form, from matter to energy and back with 100% efficiency , according to our ability to measure these effects, mechanically speaking ,this is a definition of perfection. Our science at the momment is still at the universal stoneage level. Our machines and societies run on hydrocarbons we dig from the dirt. Our calculations of measured time and space can only account for 4% of the universe we see, the rest is made up of theory, called Dark matter and Dark energy. We know our current theories are estimations , that is why everyone is searching for the General Unifiying Theory (GUT) which will combine Quantum and General Relativity theories. But this too will be just be our first draft estimation in a new scientific revolution, similar to when mankind moved from the stoneage to the iron age and with it bringing new technologies and cultural practices. Our society still needs to go through our scientific revolutions to bring in alternative Earth based energies , then start tapping our star for energy (off world) and then the energies to be found in deep space like Vacuum energy and zero point energies.
Modern Humanity is in fact still a very primitive animal and will quite possibly FAIL to survive in this universe.
There have been other intelligent primates some even more intelligent and robust than modern man, but they died out, so there is no scientific reason why we should survive any better!!
Evolutionary speaking mankind is a semi-evolved inteligent primate , one of 20 different spieces known to have inhabited planet Earth BUT the only known survivor to date. We where NOT even the smartest chimp on the rock, in fact modern humanity is a bit of a mongrol spieces. A modern dog breed compared to an ancient wolf.
What Happened to the Hominids Who May Have Been Smarter Than Us?
Two neuroscientists say that a now-extinct race of humans had big eyes, child-like faces, and an average intelligence of around 150, making them geniuses among Homo sapiens.
by Gary Lynch and Richard Granger
From the Brain special issue; published online December 28, 2009
Neanderthal cranial capacity is thought to have been as large as that of modern humans, perhaps larger, indicating their brain size may have been comparable, or larger, as well. In 2008, a group of scientists created a study using three-dimensional computer-assisted reconstructions of Neanderthal infants based on fossils found in Russia and Syria. The study showed Neanderthal and modern human brains were the same size at birth, but by adulthood, the Neandertal brain was larger than the modern human brain. They were much stronger than modern humans, having particularly strong arms and hands. Males stood 164–168 cm (65–66 in) and females about 152–156 cm (60–61 in) tall.
In 2010 a U.S. researcher reported finding cooked vegetable in the teeth of a Neanderthal skull, contradicting the earlier belief they were exclusively (or almost exclusively) carnivorous and apex predators
Modern humans evolved from the last common ancestor of the Hominini and the species Australopithecines some 2.3-2.4 million years ago in Africa.
In the Hominini tribe, several species and subspecies of Homo evolved and are now extinct or introgressed, and only one species remains. Examples include Homo erectus (which inhabited Asia, Africa, and Europe) and Neanderthals (either Homo neanderthalensis or Homo sapiens neanderthalensis) (which inhabited Europe and Asia). Archaic Homo sapiens, the forerunner of anatomically modern humans, evolved between 400,000 and 250,000 years ago. Examples of archaic humans generally include Homo heidelbergensis, Homo rhodesiensis, Homo neanderthalensis and sometimes Homo antecessor and Homo ergaster
Stringer, C.B. (1994). “Evolution of Early Humans”. In Steve Jones, Robert Martin & David Pilbeam. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Human Evolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 242. ISBN 978-0-521-32370-3. Also ISBN 978-0-521-46786-5 (paperback)
McHenry, H.M (2009). “Human Evolution”. In Michael Ruse & Joseph Travis. Evolution: The First Four Billion Years. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. p. 265. ISBN 978-0-674-03175-3.
ATHIESTS WELCOME FREE THINKERS AND NEW IDEAS AND INFORMATION. IT IS HOW HUMANITY PROGRESSES
JUST BECAUSE SOME ONE BELIEVES DIFFERENT THINGS THAN YOU DO, DOES NOT MAKE THEM EVIL!
WE CAN HAVE DIFFERENT BELIEFS BUT SHARE THE SAME VALUES
VARIETY IS THE SPICE OF LIFE AND CULTURAL DIVERSITY IS JUST AS IMPORTANT AS BIO-DIVERSITY
NO GAGS FOR HUMANITY!!
GAGS = Gods And Governemnts
Atheism is a joyous and liberating belief for those who embrace it. Fact is always more intesting than fiction and no fear of god required .no bending over and recieving gods love 5 times a day. No fleshly sacrifice or someone waving a knife at your penis!! No enforced dogma to follow . no collection plate to fill , no priestly class to maintain , no temples to build, no services to sit through, ….just you and the universe in perfect harmony….as it was ment to be ..and there is a whole universe maybe even a multiverse of mysteries to discover and fantastic adventures to be had.Every day a new miracle is discovered and new ideas and possibilities arise. The atheists of the future have a wonderful and long life ahead of them. They will know much more than we will ever know.
In contrast Abrahamic monotheists think they already know it all, everything is in thier book,you just have to memorize it and you are full of wisdom, or full of something anyway. A lot of them are determined to blow up the world and end all human possibilities!So thier god can rule over the survivors,while the rest of us burning in a lake of fire for eternity!! This is supposed to be a god of love? Personally I completely reject this ideology, just like the majority of fellow human beings who question these beliefs today.
But spiritual people will find spiritualism in any belief put in front of them be it atheism or abrahamic monotheism. Ultimately the belief is irrevelant and its the actions that count.People can believe the strangest things but still be decent human beings.
Never live in fear of men or gods.Be yourself ,it is what you are designed for. You do not have to justify your existance anymore than the trees or stars do.Strive to be good and happy.
Every human being is a finite piece of infinite possibility
Rejoice in your uniqueness
“Believe nothing just because a so-called wise person said it. Believe nothing just because a belief is generally held. Believe nothing just because it is said in ancient books. Believe nothing just because it is said to be of divine origin. Believe nothing just because someone else believes it. Believe only what you yourself test and judge to be true.” [paraphrased Buddhist saying]
REMEMBER ATHEISM ITS A NON-PROPHET ORGANISATION!!
The invention of Abrahamic monotheism Parts 1,2 and 3