Abrahamic monotheism is just original fascism
ALL Abrahamic monotheism (Judaism, Christianity and Islam) is an invention to control hearts and minds and can be traced back to a man and a motive.
Cyrus the Great and Aryan monotheistic Zoroastrainism for Judaism.
Originally “Judaism” was a fertility cult (Baal/El, Set/Amen) coverted to Zoraostrianism by Cyrus the Great
Constantine the Great and Aryan monotheistic sun worship for christianity,(Sol Invictus/Mithras)
which got officially converted to messianic Judaism c.787AD
Othman the Third Caliph for Islam. Originally it was Semitic polythestic moon worship which was converted to nestorian messianic Judaism.
ALL These conversions where done by FORCE!!
Abrahamic monothisms stories are myths taken from ancient Aryan beliefs.Beliefs that can be traced back 18,000 years.
But there are even older beliefs like snake worship beliefs that can be traced back to Africa over 70,000 years ago!!
Abrahamic monotheism is a New Age belief!
That age is the “age of Piceses” which began about 2,000 years ago and there is something very fishy about it!
For secular people this is just confirming your suspiscions
For spiritual people this is a wake up call…YOU ARE WORSHIPPING FALSE GODS
Abrahamic Monotheism Part 1 – The Invention of Judaism
Abrahamic Monotheism Part 2 – The Invention of Christianity
Abrahamic Monotheism Part 3 – The Invention of Islam
Abrahamic religions (also Abrahamism) are the monotheistic faiths of Middle East origin, emphasizing and tracing their common origin to Abraham or recognizing a spiritual tradition identified with him. They are one of the major divisions in comparative religion, along with Indian religions(Dharmic) and East Asian religions (Taoic).
As of the early twenty-first century, it was estimated that 54% of the world’s population (3.8 billion people) considered themselves adherents of the Abrahamic religions, about 30% of other religions, and 16% of no organized religion
The Abrahamic religions in chronological order of founding are Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and Bahá’í Faith
Christians refer to Abraham as a “father in faith”. There is an Islamic religious term, Millat Ibrahim (faith of Ibrahim), indicating that Islam sees itself as having practices tied to the traditions of Abraham. Jewish tradition claims descendance from Abraham
In the 19th century and 20th centuries Judaism developed a small number of branches, of which the most significant are Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform.
Since its founding, Christianity has divided into three main branches (Catholic, Orthodox, and Protestant)
Soon after its founding Islam split into two main branches (Sunni and Shi’a), each of which now have a number of denominations
Lesser-known Abrahamic religions, originally offshoots of Shi’a Islam, include the Bahá’í Faith and Druze
The unifying characteristic of Abrahamic religions is that all accept the tradition that God revealed himself to the patriarch Abraham.All are monotheistic, and conceive God to be a transcendent Creator-figure and the source of moral law, and their sacred narratives feature many of the same figures, histories, and places in each, although they often present them with different roles, perspectives, and meanings.
All Abrahamic religions claim to be monotheistic, worshiping an exclusive God, though known by different names. All of these religions believe that God creates, is one, rules, reveals, loves, judges, punishes, and forgives. However, although Christianity does not profess to believe in three gods — but rather three persons, or hypostases, united in one essence — the Trinitarian doctrine, which is a fundamental of faith for the vast majority of Christian denominations, conflicts with Jewish and Muslim concepts of monotheism. Since the conception of divine Trinity is not amenable to tawhid, the Islamic doctrine of monotheism, Islam considers Christianity to be variously polytheistic or idolatrous.
POLYTHEISTIC MOON WORSHIP PAGANISM CONVERTED TO MONOTHEISTIC MESSIANIC JUDAISM
THE SPREAD OF ISLAMIC ABRAHAMIC MONOTHEISM THROUGH ARABIA
BRINGS BLOODSHED ,IGNORANCE ,BANDITRY ,SLAVERY AND A SUBJUGATION OF WOMAN
SPREAD BY THE SWORD AND MASS BEHEADINGS
Muslims believe that God revealed the Qur’an to Muhammad, God’s final prophet, through the angel Gabriel, and regard the Qur’an and the Sunnah (words and deeds of Muhammad) as the fundamental sources of Islam. They do not regard Muhammad as the founder of a new religion, but as the restorer of the original monotheistic faith of Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets. Islamic tradition holds that Jews and Christians distorted the revelations God gave to these prophets by either altering the text, introducing a false interpretation, or both.
Ever wonder what Mecca was like before Mohammed was born? It must have been a fascinating place, for it was a trading center, a melting pot of different cultures. Traders were there of many different religions.
PRE-ISLAMIC PAGAN ARABIA
According to Arabic history books, the Quraysh tribe was a branch of the Banu Kinanah tribe, which descended from the Mudhar. For several generations they were spread about among other tribal groupings. About five generations before Muhammad the situation was changed by Qusai ibn Kilab. By war and diplomacy he assembled an alliance that delivered to him the keys of the Kaaba, an important pagan shrine which brought revenues to Mecca because of the multitude of pilgrims that it attracted. He then gathered his fellow tribesmen to settle at Mecca,
There were some rivalries among the clans, and these became especially pronounced during Muhammad’s lifetime.
The Quraysh tribe there worshipped Hubal, Al-ilah, and Al-ilah’s three daughters. A black rock from heaven was held in high esteem and placed in a corner of the Ka’bah. The Ka’bah was the center of worship of 360 idols according to the Bukhari vol.3 book 43 ch.33 no.658 p.396 and vol.5 book 59 ch.47 no.583 p.406.
Writing in the Encyclopedia of Islam, Wensinck identifies Mecca with a place called Macoraba mentioned by Ptolemy. His text is believed to date from the second century A.D., about 400 years before the coming of Muhammad, and described it as a foundation in southern Arabia, built around a sanctuary
According to Sarwar, about 400 years before the birth of Muhammad, a man named “Amr bin Lahyo bin Harath bin Amr ul-Qais bin Thalaba bin Azd bin Khalan bin Babalyun bin Saba”, who was descended from Qahtan and was the king of Hijaz (the northwestern section of Saudi Arabia, which encompassed the cities of Mecca and Medina), had placed a Hubal idol onto the roof of the Kaaba. This idol was one of the chief deities of the ruling Quraysh. The idol was made of red agate and shaped like a human, but with the right hand broken off and replaced with a golden hand. When the idol was moved inside the Kaaba, it had seven arrows in front of it, which were used for divination.
To maintain peace among the perpetually warring tribes, Mecca was declared a sanctuary where no violence was allowed within 20 miles (32 km) of the Kaaba. This combat-free zone allowed Mecca to thrive not only as a place of pilgrimage, but also as a trading center
In her book, Islam: A Short History, Karen Armstrong asserts that the Kaaba was dedicated to Hubal, a Nabatean deity, and contained 360 idols that either represented the days of the year or were effigies of the Arabian pantheon. Once a year, tribes from all around the Arabian peninsula, whether Christian or pagan, would converge on Mecca to perform the Hajj.
Imoti contends that there were multiple such “Kaaba” sanctuaries in Arabia at one time, but this was the only one built of stone. The others also allegedly had counterparts of the Black Stone. There was a “red stone”, the deity of the south Arabian city of Ghaiman, and the “white stone” in the Kaaba of al-Abalat (near the city of Tabala, south of Mecca). Grunebaum in Classical Islam points out that the experience of divinity of that period was often associated with stone fetishes, mountains, special rock formations, or “trees of strange growth.” The Kaaba was thought to be at the center of the world, with the Gate of Heaven directly above it. The Kaaba marked the location where the sacred world intersected with the profane; the embedded Black Stone was a further symbol of this as a meteorite that had fallen from the sky and linked heaven and earth
1.Karen Armstrong (2000,2002). Islam: A Short History. pp. 11. ISBN 0-8129-6618-X.
2.Imoti, Eiichi. “The Ka’ba-i Zardušt”, Orient, XV (1979), The Society for Near Eastern Studies in Japan, pp. 65–69.
3.Grunebaum, p. 24
4.Hafiz Ghulam Sarwar. Muhammad the Holy Prophet. pp. 18–19.
5. Francis E. Peters, Muhammad and the origins of Islam, SUNY Press, 1994, p109.
The genuine antiquity of Caaba ascends beyond the Christian era: in describing the coast of the Red sea the Greek historian Diodorus has remarked, between the Thamudites and the Sabeans, a famous temple, whose superior sanctity was revered by all the Arabians; the linen of silken veil, which is annually renewed by the Turkish emperor, was first offered by the Homerites, who reigned seven hundred years before the time of Mohammad.
—Edward Gibbon, Decline And Fall Of The Roman Empire, Volume V, pp. 223–224
The Encyclopedia of Islam (edited by Eliade) p.303ff says the people, prior to Islam, would pray five times toward Mecca and fast for part of a day for an entire month.
The Quraysh fasted on the 10th of Myharram/Muharram. Mohammed ordered this too, but later it was optional (Bukhari vol.5 book 58 ch.25 no.172 p.109), also Bukhari vol.6 book 60 ch.24 no.31 p.25.
Pre-Islamic Arabs made pilgrimages (‘Umrah) to Mecca. Fiqh us-Sunnah vol.5 p.122, and Bukhari vol.2 book 26 ch.33 no.635 p.371-372 say they thought not performing ‘Umrah was one of the major sins on earth. At Mecca they covered the Ka’bah with cloth Fiqh vol.5 p.131, and they had a sacred month of no war prior to Islam (Bukhari vol.2 book 23 ch.96 no.482 p.273).
Many primitive people worshipped a sun god and a moon goddess. Western Arabs were unusual in worshipping a moon god and his wife, the sun goddess. There are pre-Islamic statues of his symbol: the crescent moon. It looks just like the crescent moon of Shi’ite Muslims, except the Shi’ites added a small star. The Yemenites/Sabaeans had a moon god according to the Encyclopedia of Islam p.303.
Generically, the word “Allah” likely was a contraction of the Arabic Al-ilah, which means “the god”. Both Arab Christians and pagans used the word Ilah for God.
Prior to Mohammed, the Ka’bah, which housed 360 idols, was called Beit-Allah, or “House of Allah”. Mohammed’s father, who died before he was born, was named ‘Abdullah meaning slave of Allah. Also, a tribe of Jews was called ‘Abdullah bin Salam in Bukhari vol.5 book 59 ch.13 no.362 p.241.
Specifically, among the idols worshipped at Mecca, one was just called “Allah”. This particular idol was the tribal god of the Quraysh, and he had three specific daughters.
The Meccans before Mohammed fasted on the same day, gave alms to their own, prayed toward Mecca, and made pilgrimages (‘Umrah) to Mecca. There were many differences too, but some marvel in the continuity of these unchanged practices in common with the pagan Quraysh worship.
Womans rights take a beating as well. Pre-Islamic Arab women where powerful in society,they also ran businesses and could decide who to marry .This is proven by Khadijah, Mohammads first wive
Khadijah earned two titles: Ameerat-Quraish (Princess of Quraish) and al-Tahira (the Pure One), and Khadija Al-Kubra (khadija the great)and was said to have had an impeccable character. She used to feed and clothe the poor, assist her relatives financially, and provide for the marriage of those of her kin who could not otherwise have had the means to marry. By 585, Khadijah was left a widow. Despite having married twice, and twice losing her husband to the ravaging wars to which Arabia was subjected, she showed no inclination to marry a third time, even though she was sought for marriage by many honorable and highly respected men of the Arabian peninsula, throughout which she was quite famous, due to her business dealings. She did not want to be widowed for a third time.
ABRAHAMIC MONOTHEISM ARRIVES IN ARABIA ISLAM STARTS OUT AS NESTORIANISM
All early Christian writers such as Nicetas Choniates of Byzantium and Bartholomew of Edessa classed Mohammdanism as a heresy rather than a brand new religion. Traditional papist historians such as Hilaire Belloc echo this view.
The religion of Mohammed is a heresy as it is a branch of Nestorianism. The history of their connection is described by Saint John of Damascus in his book ‘The Heresy of the Ishmaelites’ which constitutes a small part of his monumental work ‘The Fount of Knowledge’:
Nestorius was a Hellenic (Greek) Patriarch of Constantinople from 428–431 who propounded the heresy that the Virgin Mary was not the Mother of God as he believed that Lord Jesus the Christ was not God but only a man, a prophet as expressed in his book the Bazaar of Hercleides. Nestorius’s blasphemous heresy was condemned, but he gained many followers among the Persians (Iranians) with the consequence that by the end of the fifth century a schism occurred as much of the Church in Iran and many places in the East had apostasized into Nestorianism.
Nestorius was born around 381/386 in Germanicia in the Roman province of Syria (now Kahramanmaraş in Turkey). He received his clerical training as a pupil of Theodore of Mopsuestia in Antioch and gained a reputation for his sermons that led to his enthronement by Theodosius II as Archbishop following the death of Sisinnius I in 428.
his most forceful opponent was Patriarch Cyril of Alexandria.The Emperor Theodosius II (401–450) was eventually induced to convoke a general church council, sited at Ephesus
The Emperor and his wife supported Nestorius while Pope Celestine I supported Cyril.
Cyril took charge of the First Council of Ephesus in 431, opening debate before the long-overdue contingent of Eastern bishops from Antioch arrived.
But while the council was in progress, John I of Antioch and the eastern bishops arrived, and were furious to hear that Nestorius had already been condemned. They convened their own synod, at which Cyril was deposed. Both sides then appealed to the emperor. Initially the imperial government ordered both Nestorius and Cyril deposed and exiled. However, Cyril was eventually allowed to return after bribing various courtiers.
This Christian sect that constituted a large part, maybe even the majority of Christians in Arabia and the Middle East during the time of Muhammad. This group was very missions oriented.
Bahira is a Nestorian monk that Muhammad was supposed to have met during a trip returning from Syria to Mecca. His Christian name was supposed to be Sergius or Georgius. The Muslim traditions say that Bahira recognized, through various signs, that Muhammad is a prophet.
When Mohammed was twelve years old (circa AD 582), he accompanied his merchant uncle Abu Talib on a caravan to Bosrah, a city in southern Syria. While he was in that city, Mohammed met a Nestorian monk named Bohira who befriended the boy. According to Saint John of Damascus, Bohira laid a plan to make Mohammed the founder of a new religion and became his mentor. Bohira authored much of the Koran.
Apparently, the oldest known existing history of the encounter is written by Hunayn Ibn Ishak, a Nestorian writer (who quotes the earlier writer Ibn Hisham). This fact is a sore point with Mohammedan historians who deny that many of Ibn Ishak’s details are true and rely on later writers who “purged” Ibn Ishak’s history of inconveniences.
Mohammed’s meeting with the monk is described in the Koran, although muslims deny that Bohira became Mohammed’s mentor.
There are suggestions that Bahira stayed with Muhammad and taught him as alluded to in Surah xvi.105.
“Husain the commentator says on this passage that the Prophet was in the habit of going every evening to a Christian to hear the Taurat and Injil.” (Hughes’ Dictionary of Islam, p. 30, quoting Tafsir-i-Husaini, Sale p. 223 and Muir’s Life of Mahomet, p. 72)
The Orthodox Christian account of this history is further confirmed by the correspondence between Nestorian and Mohammedan theology. The Mohammedan position on Christology is identical with that of the Nestorians. The Mohammedans believe that Jesus Christ was merely a prophet. They deny that He is God. In other words, the Mohammedans believe that Jesus Christ was only a man just like the Nestorians (and Jews) believe. Nestorianism is the predecessor of mohammedanism as islam conquered precisely those countries such as Persia where nestorianism went before. A muslim community has existed at the terminus of the Silke Road in Xian, China since circa 750 AD. Ancient monographs recorded on the backs of stone turtles at the ancient mosque in Xian record the early history of mohammedanism in wstern China. The famous Forest of Steles in Xian which contains the stone monograph histries of ancient China (most of them on the backs of turtles) contains a stele which records the history of the first 150 years of nestorianism in China from 630 to 780 AD.
WAS MUHAMMAD HEN PECKED INTO ABRAHAMIC MONOTHEISM?
WAS HIS WIFE KHADIJAH AND HER FAMILY BEHIND THE POWER PLAY?
It seems Khadijah and her family where the creators of Islam and poor old Mohammad is just a patsy, and an opportunist bandit! It seems Khadijah’s family where the ones intent on bringing monotheism to Arabia.
“(O Muhammad) ask those who are reading the book before thee.” The Muslim historian Tabari further tells us Khadija (the first wife of the Prophet) read the former scriptures and knew the stories of the prophets.” Now Muhammad lived with Khadija for some fifteen years before he began to announce his mission, and when it is remembered that during that period he must also have had close and frequent intercourse with Waraqa, the cousin of his wife, who was in turn both Hanif and Christian, and was the translator of the Christian scriptures into Arabic, the reader is at no difficulty to understand whence the Prophet obtained his knowledge of the Jewish Rabbinical fables.
Waraqah ibn Nawfal, Waraqah ibn Nawfal ibn Assad ibn Abd al-Uzza ibn Qusayy Al-Qurashi (Arabic ???? ?? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? died circa 610) was the parental cousin of Khadija, Muhammad’s first wife.
Waraqah was a “Christian” Ebionites priest living in Mecca, and had knowledge of the previous scriptures. When told of Muhammad’s first revelation (when he received the first five verses of surat Al-Alaq), he immediately recognised him as a prophet.
According to hadith, Al-Haakim reported with a saheeh (authentic) isnad from Aisha that Muhammad said, “Do not slander Waraqah ibn Nawfal for I have seen that he will have one or two gardens in Paradise.”
According to the Sirah Rasul Allah, the traditional Muslim biographies of Muhammad, which speak highly of Waraqah, he was a pious and knowledgeable person who had knowledge of the previous prophetic scriptures such of that of Jesus. He recognized the signs of prophethood soon after Muhammad received the first of the revelations. Some Muslims regard this as a specific fulfillment of Isaiah 29:11-18.
During the reception of the first revelation, Muhammad was distressed at seeing the vision of an angel. He was consoled by Khadija who took him to Waraqah, who then told Muhammad that the angel he had seen, Gabriel, was the same one God had sent to Moses. Waraqah also told Muhammad that – as had happened to the previous prophets – his people would drive him out into exile, and that (if he lived long enough, for he was old) he would support Muhammad in the cause. However, Waraqah died a few days after this meeting.
The Ebionites were a Jewish-Christian sect that insisted on the necessity of following Jewish religious law and rites, which they interpreted in light of Jesus’ expounding of the Law. They regarded Jesus as the Messiah but not as divine. The Ebionites revered his brother James as the head of the Jerusalem Church and rejected Paul of Tarsus because he was an apostate towards the Law. Their name suggests that they placed a special value on religious poverty.
Much of what is known about the Ebionites derives from the Church Fathers, who wrote polemics against the Ebionites, whom they deemed heretical Judaizers. Some scholars agree with the substance of the traditional portrayal as an offshoot of mainstream Christianity. Many scholars distinguish the Ebionites from other Jewish Christian groups, e.g. the Nazarenes, while others contest this
Thus Jesus Christ is invariably spoken of with the deepest reverence as a Prophet sent from God, to whom was entrusted the Gospel, or Injil, as Muhammad described the Evangel. The many references, to Christians in the Qur’an make it clear that they must have been numerous in Arabia at that time; and Muhammad seems to have entertained no little friendship for them, as may be seen by the following advice given to his followers:-
“Thou shalt surely find those to be nearest in affection to them (i.e., true believers) who say, ‘We are Christians.'”1 Muhammad certainly had reason to reward the followers of Christ with grateful affection, for it was in the Christian Kingdom of Abyssinia that his persecuted followers found a safe asylum when the oppression of the Meccans had become intolerable.
THE JEWISH INFLUENCE
The role of judaism in the formation of sunni islam is evident. Sunni islam was the religion of the first muslim dynasty – the Ummayads whose capital was Damascus, Syria – the same country as Mohammed’s old mentor. Compared with Orthodox Christian Byzantium, the Mohammedan heresy represented a sharp turn of religion and culture in the direction of judaism, an indication of its sponsors. The Ummayad dynasty lasted little more than a 125 years during which time it greatly expanded politically. During these years even mohammedan historians attest that the populations of the countries which the Ummayads conquered remained entirely Orthodox Christian. This indicates that during its early history, Mohammedanism was a religion of a wealthy elite which infers jewish participation. Certainly, jews had everything to gain from the expansion of islam. Jewish power was far more unfettered in Mohammedan countries than in Orthodox Christian lands whose laws condemned the jewish religion. The sharia law of mohammedanism elevated jews to the status of “people of the Book” while lowering Christians to a minority religion. The influence of the Orthodox Chistian Church declined while jewish power benefited from the early expansion of saracen power.
A setback to jewish strategy ocurred with the reactionary shiite revolution. The Ummayad caliph was assasinated and mohammedanism stopped its barbarous expansion once the comparatively more benign shiites took power about AD 749 in the form of the Abassid dynasty. The jewish diaspora’s capitol was the city of Babylon in those days, and the rabbis were apparently well prepared as the King of Khazaria in Scythia (Russia) converted to judaism at exactly this juncture in time. The Byzantine Empire officially convert to messianic judaism st this time too .Economic activity and slave trading was henceforth centered in the more northern Slavic lands during the high Middle Ages which is when the shiite Abassids dominated islam. Possibly, the Karaite reaction against Talmudism within judaism initiated by David Ben Anan in Persia during the seventh century with a view of returning to essenism played a part in loosening judaism’s grip upon mohammedanism in precisely those countries from which shiism emerged.
BUT ISLAM STILL SHOWS ITS PAGAN ROOTS
Allah had three daughters named Lat, ‘Uzza, and Manat. At one time the “prophet of Allah” compromised and said in the Qur’an (Sura 53:19) that “their intercession was to be hoped for.” In other words, he said we should hope for the help of these three idols.
Mohammed’s followers must have been amazed that he said this. Later, Mohammed changed his mind and said Satan deceived him. Since a mistake was made, these verses were “abrogated” or taken out. These are often called “the Satanic verses.”
Satanic Verses is an expression coined by the historian Sir William Muir in reference to the inclusion in the Qur’an of a small number of apparently pagan verses said to have been uttered by Muhammad. Some Muslims refer to the utterance of the two verses as the Gharaniq incident. Narratives involving these verses can be read in, among other places, the biographies of Muhammad by al-Wāqidī, Ibn Sa’d, al-Tabarī, and Ibn Ishaq (the latter as reconstructed by Alfred Guillaume).
THE SPREAD OF ABRAHAMIC MONOTHEISM IN ARABIA …ISLAMIC BRANCH
Muhammad was born in Mecca around 571 CE into the Quraish tribe.
Clan leaders did not appreciate Muhammad’s claim of prophethood and tried to silence him by putting pressure on his uncle, Abu Talib. Many of the clans also began to oppose the followers of Muhammad, for example by boycotting them.
Muhammad failed to bring his “new” religion by peaceful methods. His religious arguements failed to change the minds of the pagans and thier beliefs.In 622, to escape persecution of Muslims by the Meccans, Muhammad and many of his followers migrated from Mecca to the neighboring city of Medina. This migration is called the Hijra.
The people of Mecca, even of his own tribe, rejected him. After 13 years of persecution and hatred,Muhammad himself would later emigrate to Yathrib, now Medina. he moved his center of activity north to Yathrib, which then became known as al-Mad?nah (Medina), the city of the prophet. This emigration, or the hijrah, in 622?C.E. marked a significant point in Isl?mic history, and the date was later adopted as the starting point for the Isl?mic calendar. A number of early Muslims took refuge with the Christian king of Abyssinia,
MUHAMMAD THE BANDIT AND BEHEADER……FOR GOD
Muhammad was to return to Mecca ,this time he would bring convertion by the sword and the Islamic trail of slaughter against pagans begins.
Following the hijra, tensions between Mecca and Medina escalated and hostilities broke out in 623 when the Muslims began a series of raids (called ghazawāt in Arabic) on Quraishi caravans.
Ghazawāt (s. ghazw) were plundering raids organized by nomadic Bedouin warriors against either rival tribes or wealthier, sedentary neighbors. Since Medina was located just off Mecca’s main trade route, the Muslims were in an ideal position to do this. Even though many Muslims were Quraish themselves, they believed that they were entitled to such raids because the Meccans had expelled them from their property, homes and tribes, a serious offense in hospitality-oriented Arabia. Also, there was a tradition in Arabia of poor tribes raiding richer tribes. It also provided a means for the Muslim community to carve out an independent economic position at Medina, where their political position was far from secure. The Meccans obviously took a different view, seeing the Muslim raids as banditry at best, as well as a potential threat to their livelihood and prestige.
In late 623 and early 624, the Muslim ghazawāt grew increasingly brazen and commonplace. In September 623, Muhammad himself led a force of 200 in an unsuccessful raid against a large caravan. Shortly thereafter, the Meccans launched their own “raid” against Medina, although its purpose was just to steal some livestock which belonged to the Muslims.In January 624, the Muslims ambushed a Meccan caravan near Nakhlah, only forty kilometers outside of Mecca, killing one of the guards and formally inaugurating a blood feud with the Meccans. Worse, from a Meccan standpoint, the raid occurred in the month of Rajab, a truce month sacred to the Meccans in which fighting was prohibited and a clear affront to their pagan traditions
Mohammed preyed upon caravans with his men. Bukhari vol.3 book 37 ch.8 no.495 p.280 says,
“When Allah made the prophet wealthy through conquests…” 1/5 of all spoils of war was put into treasury, and Sahih Muslim vol.2 book 5 ch.401 no.2348 p.519 says Mohammed’s family had a share out of that. The Muslims first looting is known as the Nakhla Raid.
During the traditional month of truce, his followers ambushed a caravan, killing one, enslaving the rest, and taking the plunder. Mohammed himself led the second raid at Badr. Mohammed added to his wealth by attacking the Jewish settlement of Khaibar. He and his loyal men got plunder and wives (Mohammed needed another wife?) of the 700-1,000 Jewish men of the Banu Quraiza tribe they beheaded after they surrendered.
The Quraysh fought many battles against Muhammad, one major clash was the Battle of Badr, where the Quraysh were defeated, the event was seen as a turning point for Muslims
This is a miniature from Siyer-i Nebi, an Turkish religious biography of Mohammed completed in 1388 and later lavishly illustrated with 814 miniatures under the reign of Ottoman ruler Murad III, being completed in 1595. Many of the miniatures depict Mohammed, and this particular one shows Ali bin Abu Taleb beheading Nasr bin al-Hareth in the presence of Mohammed and his companions.
For the early Muslims the battle was the first sign that they might eventually defeat their enemies among the Meccans. Mecca at that time was one of the richest and most powerful cities in Arabia
The Muslim victory also signalled other tribes that a new power had arisen in Arabia
As Paul K. Davis sums up, “Mohammed’s victory confirmed his authority as leader of Islam; by impressing local tribes that joined him, the expansion of Islam began.
After the battle Muhammad decided to return to Medina. While Muhammad was returning to Medina, he reportedly received a revelation regarding the distribution of war booty.
MUHAMMUD THE RELIGIOUS INTOLERANT
“Eventually, Muhammad achieved dominance when Mecca surrendered to him in January of 630C.E. (8 A.H.) and he became its ruler. With the reins of secular and religious control in his hands, he was able to clean out the idolatrous images from the Kahbah and establish it as the focal point for pilgrimages to Mecca that continue down to this day.
The Islamic prophet Muhammad solves a dispute over lifting the black stone into position at al-Kaaba.
Note from pp. 100-101 of “The illustrations to the World history of Rashid al-Din / David Talbot Rice ; edited by Basil Gray. Edinburgh : Edinburgh University Press, c1976.” -
In the center, Prophet Muhammad, with two long hair plaits, places the stone on a carpet held at the four corners by representatives of the four tribes, so that all have the honor of lifting it. The carpet is a kelim from Central Asia. Behind, two other men lift the black curtain which conceals the doors of the sanctuary. This work may be assigned to the Master of the Scenes from the Life of the Prophet.
After Muhammad’s conquest of Mecca in 630, he pardoned(convert or be beheaded i think is more accurate) most of those who had opposed him before, and peace among the different clans was maintained. After Muhammad’s death, clan rivalries reignited, playing central roles in the conflicts over the caliphate and contributing to the Shia-Sunni divide.
After the introduction of Islam, the Quraysh gained supremacy and produced the three dynasties of the Ummayad Caliphate, the Abbasid Caliphate and the Fatimid Caliphate. The split between the Shi’a and Sunni branches of Islam centers over the succession to Muhammad. The Sunnis believe Abu Bakr was elected as Muhammad’s successor while the Shi’a (literally “companions [of Ali]“) believe Muhammad appointed Ali ibn Abi Talib as his successor.
THE FIRST KORAN IS WRITTEN AFTER MUHUMMADS DEATH
the oldest Koran is drenched in blood
The Othman Koran is the oldest in the world
In an obscure corner of the Uzbek capital, Tashkent, lies one of Islam’s most sacred relics – the world’s oldest Koran.
It is a reminder of the role which Central Asia once played in Muslim history – a fact often overlooked after seven decades of Soviet-imposed atheism.
The library where the Koran is kept is in an area of old Tashkent known as Hast-Imam, well off the beaten track for most visitors to this city.
It lies down a series of dusty lanes, near the grave of a 10th century scholar, Kaffel-Shashi.The Mufti of Uzbekistan, the country’s highest religious leader, has his offices there, in the courtyard of an old madrassa.Just across the road stands a non-descript mosque and the equally unremarkable Mui-Mubarak, or “Sacred Hair”, madrassa, which houses a rarely seen hair of the Muslim Prophet Muhammad, as well as one of Central Asia’s most important collections of historical works.
”There are approximately 20,000 books and 3000 manuscripts in this library,” said Ikram Akhmedov, a young assistant in the mufti’s office.
”They deal with mediaeval history, astronomy and medicine. There are also commentaries on the Koran and books of law. But the oldest book here is the Othman Koran from the seventh century.”
The Othman Koran was compiled in Medina by Othman, the third caliph or Muslim leader.Before him, the sacred verses which Muslims believe God gave to Muhammad were memorised, or written on pieces of wood or camel bone.To prevent disputes about which verses should be considered divinely inspired, Othman had this definitive version compiled. It was completed in the year 651, 19 years after Muhammad’s death.
This priceless Koran is kept in a special glass-fronted vault built into the wall of a tiny inner room.
About one-third of the original survives – about 250 pages – a huge volume written in a bold Arabic script.
”The Koran was written on deerskin,” said Mr Akhmedov. “It was written in Hejaz in Saudi Arabia, so the script is Hejazi, similar to Kufic script.”
It is said that Caliph Othman made five copies of the original Koran. A partial Koran now in the Topkapi Palace in Istanbul is said to be another of these original copies.
Othman was murdered by a rebellious mob while he was reading his book. A dark stain on its pages is thought to be the caliph’s blood.
It was Othman’s murder that precipitated the Shia-Sunni divide which has split the Muslim world ever since.
Later disputes over the succession led to a division between the mainstream Sunnis, and supporters of Othman’s immediate successor, Ali, who became Shias.
The story of how the Othman Koran came to Tashkent is a remarkable one.
After Othman’s death it is believed it was taken by Caliph Ali to Kufa, in modern Iraq. Seven hundred years later, when the Central Asian conqueror, Tamerlane, laid waste to the region, he found the Koran and took it home to grace his splendid capital, Samarkand.
It stayed there for more than four centuries, until the Russians conquered Samarkand in the 1868. The Russian governor then sent the Othman Koran to St Petersburg where it was kept in the Imperial Library.
But after the Bolshevik revolution, Lenin was anxious to win over the Muslims of Russia and Central Asia. Initially he sent the Koran to Ufa in modern Bashkortostan.
But finally, after repeated appeals from the Muslims of Tashkent, it was returned once more to Central Asia in 1924. It has remained in Tashkent ever since.
Visiting dignitaries from the Muslim world often turn up to see the Othman Koran in the depths of old Tashkent, so it is odd that it is still kept in such an out of the way location.
ut the authoritarian Uzbek government has inherited a Soviet-era distrust of Islam, and still views much of its own Islamic history with suspicion.
The mufti’s official religious establishment is closely watched and takes care not to attract too much attention to itself.
As a result, its greatest treasure, the world’s oldest Koran, continues to sit quietly in the medieval quarter of old Tashkent.
Source: BBC News and www.islamicity.com
OTHER COMMENTRIES OR HADITHS ARE WRITTEN
sahih al-Bukhari (Arabic: ???? ????????), is one of the Al-Kutub al-Sittah (six major hadiths) of Sunni Islam. These prophetic traditions, or hadith, were collected by the Persian Muslim scholar Muhammad al-Bukhari, after being transmitted orally for generations. Sunni Muslims view this as one of the three most trusted collections of hadith along with Sahih Muslim and Muwatta Imam Malik. In some circles, it is considered the most authentic book after the Quran. The Arabic word sahih translates as authentic or correct.
The book covers almost all aspects of life in providing proper guidance of Islam such as the method of performing prayers and other actions of worship directly from the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Bukhari finished his work around 846, and spent the last twenty-four years of his life visiting other cities and scholars, teaching the hadith he had collected.
Amin Ahsan Islahi, the notable Islamic scholar, has listed three outstanding qualities of Sahih al-Bukhari:
1.Quality and soundness of the chain of narrators of the selected ahadith. Muhammad al-Bukhari has followed two principle criteria for selecting sound narratives. First, the lifetime of a narrator should overlap with the lifetime of the authority from whom he narrates.
2.Second, it should be verifiable that narrators have met with their source persons. They should also expressly state that they obtained the narrative from these authorities. This is a stricter criterion than that set by Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj.
3.Muhammad al-Bukhari accepted the narratives from only those who, according to his knowledge, not only believed in Islam but practiced its teachings. Thus, he has not accepted narratives from the Murjites.
The particular arrangement and ordering of chapters. This expresses the profound knowledge of the author and his understanding of the religion. This has made the book a more useful guide in understanding of the religious disciplines.
1.Fath ul-Bari fi Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari by al-Hafith Ibn Hajar (died: 852H).
2.Umdah al Qari fi Sharh Sahih al Bukhari’ written by Badr al-Din al-Ayni and published in Beirut by Dar Ihya’ al-turath al-`Arabi
3.Sharh ‘Ala’ al-Din Maghlatay (died: 792H)
THE SAHIH MUSLIM
Sahih Muslim (Arabic: صحيح مسلم, ṣaḥīḥ Muslim, full title Al-Musnadu Al-Sahihu bi Naklil Adli) is one of the al-Kutub al-Sittah (six major ahadith) of the hadith in Sunni Islam. It is the second most authentic hadith collection after Sahih al-Bukhari, and is highly acclaimed by Sunni Muslims. The collector of the Sahih Muslim, Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj, was born into a Persian family in 204 AH (817/18 CE) in Nishapur (in modern-day Iran) and died in 261 AH (874/75 CE), also known as Imam Muslim. Sahih translates as authentic or correct
Amin Ahsan Islahi, the noted Islamic scholar, has summarized some unique features of Sahih Muslim:
Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj recorded only such narratives as were reported by two reliable successors from two Sahabah (Companions of Muhammad) which subsequently travelled through two independent unbroken isnāds consisting of sound narrators. Muhammad al-Bukhari has not followed such a strict criterion.
Scientific arrangement of themes and chapters. The author, for example, selects a proper place for the narrative and, next to it, puts all its versions. Muhammad al-Bukhari has not followed this method (he scatters different versions of a narrative and the related material in different chapters). Consequently, in the exercise of understanding ahādīth. Sahīh of Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj offers the best material to the students.
Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj informs us whose wordings among the narrators he has used. For example he says: haddathanā fulān wa fulān wallafz lifulān (A and B has narrated this hadīth to us and the wording used here is by A). Similarly he mentions whether, in a particular hadīth, the narrators have differed over the wordings even over a single letter of zero semantic significance. He also informs the readers if narrators have differed over a specific quality, surname, relation or any other fact about a narrator in the chain.
“Within a few decades of Muhammads death in 632C.E., Islam had spread as far as Afghanistan and even to Tunisia in North Africa. By the early eighth century, the faith of the Quran had penetrated into Spain and was at the French border. As Professor Ninian Smart stated in his book Background to the Long Search: Looked at from a human point of view, the achievement of an Arabian prophet living in the sixth and seventh centuries after Christ is staggering. Humanly, it was from him that a new civilisation flowed. But of course for the Muslim the work was divine and the achievement that of Allah.?
MUSLIMS BURN BOOKS ,DESTROY ANCIENT ARCHITECTURE AND COMMIT GENOCIDE
OF ALL THE VERSIONS OF ABRAHAMIC MONOTHEISM THIS SEEMS THE BLOODIEST
Amr ibn al ‘Aas led an Arab army that sacked Alexandria in 642. Another enlightened monothiest,he also burnt the Great Library of Alexandria
“They will either contradict the Koran, in which case they are heresy, or they will agree with it, so they are superfluous.” The Arabs subsequently burned the books to heat bathwater for the soldiers
The Kaaba has been repaired and reconstructed many times since Muhammad’s day. The structure was severely damaged by fire on 3 Rabi I (Sunday, 31 October 683), during the first siege of Mecca in the war between the Umayyads and Abd-Allah ibn al-Zubayr, an early Muslim who ruled Mecca for many years between the death of ʿAli and the consolidation of Ummayad power. Ibn al-Zubayr rebuilt it to include the hatīm. He did so on the basis of a tradition (found in several hadith collections) that the hatīm was a remnant of the foundations of the Abrahamic Kaaba, and that Muhammad himself had wished to rebuild so as to include it.
The Kaaba was bombarded with stones in the second siege of Mecca in 692, in which the Umayyad army was led by al-Hajjaj ibn Yusuf. The fall of the city and the death of Ibn al-Zubayr allowed the Umayyads under ʿAbdu l-Malik ibn Marwan to finally reunite all the Islamic possessions and end the long civil war. In 693 A.D. ʿAbdu l-Malik had the remnants of al-Zubayr’s Kaaba razed, and rebuilt on the foundations set by the Quraysh. The Kaaba returned to the cube shape it had taken during Muhammad’s time.
During the Hajj of 930 A.D., the Qarmatians attacked Mecca, defiled the Zamzam Well with the bodies of pilgrims and stole the Black Stone, taking it to the oasis region of Eastern Arabia known as al-Aḥsāʾ, where it remained until the Abbasids ransomed it in 952 A.D. The basic shape and structure of the Kaaba have not changed since then.
The world famous historian, Will Durant has written in his Story of Civilisation that “the Mohammedan conquest of India was probably the bloodiest story in history”.
India before the advent of Islamic imperialism was not exactly a zone of peace. There were plenty of wars fought by Hindu princes. But in all their wars, the Hindus had observed some time-honoured conventions sanctioned by the Sastras. The Brahmins and the Bhikshus were never molested. The cows were never killed. The temples were never touched. The chastity of women was never violated. The non-combatants were never killed or captured. A human habitation was never attacked unless it was a fort. The civil population was never plundered. War booty was an unknown item in the calculations of conquerors. The martial classes who clashed, mostly in open spaces, had a code of honor. Sacrifice of honor for victory or material gain was deemed as worse than death.
Islamic imperialism came with a different code–the Sunnah of the Prophet. It required its warriors to fall upon the helpless civil population after a decisive victory had been won on the battlefield. It required them to sack and burn down villages and towns after the defenders had died fighting or had fled. The cows, the Brahmins, and the Bhikshus invited their special attention in mass murders of non-combatants. The temples and monasteries were their special targets in an orgy of pillage and arson. Those whom they did not kill, they captured and sold as slaves. The magnitude of the booty looted even from the bodies of the dead, was a measure of the success of a military mission. And they did all this as mujahids (holy warriors) and ghazls (kafir-killers) in the service of Allah and his Last Prophet.
Hindus found it very hard to understand the psychology of this new invader. For the first time in their history, Hindus were witnessing a scene which was described by Kanhadade Prabandha (1456 AD) in the following words:
“The conquering army burnt villages, devastated the land, plundered people’s wealth, took Brahmins and children and women of all classes captive, flogged with thongs of raw hide, carried a moving prison with it, and converted the prisoners into obsequious Turks.”
That was written in remembrance of Alauddin Khalji’s invasion of Gujarat in the year l298 AD. But the gruesome game had started three centuries earlier when Mahmud Ghaznavi had vowed to invade India every year in order to destroy idolatry, kill the kafirs, capture prisoners of war, and plunder vast wealth for which India was well-known.
Hindu Temples – What Happened to Them is a two-volume book by Sita Ram Goel, Arun Shourie, Harsh Narain, Jay Dubashi and Ram Swarup. The first volume was published in spring 1990.
The first volume includes a list of 2000 mosques that it is claimed were built on Hindu temples, which it is asserted is based primarily on the books of Muslim historians of the period or the inscriptions of the mosques. The second volume excerpts from medieval histories and chronicles and from inscriptions concerning the destruction of Hindu, Jain and Buddhist temples. The authors claim that the material presented in this book are only the tip of an iceberg.
The book contains chapters about the Ayodhya debate. The Appendix of the first volume contains a list of temple-destructions and atrocities that the authors claim took place in Bangladesh in 1989
The Magnitude of Muslim Atrocities
(Ghazanavi to Amir Timur)
MAHMUD AND MASOOD GHAZNAVI 1000AD 1037AD
In 1000 AD Mahmud defeated Raja Jaipal, a scion of the Hindu Shahiya dynasty of Kabul. This dynasty had been for long the doorkeeper of India in the Northwest.
“The blood of the infidels flowed so copiously [at Thanesar] that the stream was discolored, notwithstanding its purity, and people were unable to drink it. The Sultan returned with plunder which is impossible to count. Praise he to Allah for the honor he bestows on Islam and Muslims.”
“The Sultan returned in the rear of immense booty, and slaves were so plentiful that they became very cheap and men of respectability in their native land were degraded by becoming slaves of common shopkeepers. But this is the goodness of Allah, who bestows honor on his own religion and degrades infidelity.”
“The Muslims paid no regard to the booty till they had satiated themselves with the slaughter of the infidels and worshipers of sun and fire. The friends of Allah searched the bodies of the slain for three days in order to obtain booty…The booty amounted in gold and silver, rubies and pearls nearly to three hundred thousand dirhams, and the number of prisoners may be conceived from the fact that each was sold for two to ten dirhams. These were afterwards taken to Ghazni and merchants came from distant cities to purchase them, so that the countries of Mawaraun-Nahr, Iraq and Khurasan were filled with them, and the fair and the dark, the rich and the poor, were commingled in one common slavery.”
“The Brahmins and other high ranking men were slain, and their women and children were carried away captive, and all the treasure which was found was distributed among the army.”
MUHAMMAD GHORI AND HIS LEUTENANTS
Invasion of India by Islamic imperialism was renewed by Muhmmad Ghori in the last quarter of the 12th century. After Prithiviraj Chauhan had been defeated in 1192 AD, Ghori took Ajmer by assault.
“While the Sultan remained at Ajmer, he destroyed the pillars and foundations of the idol temples and built in their stead mosques and colleges and precepts of Islam, and the customs of the law were divulged and established.”
“in Benares which is the centre of the country of Hind, they destroyed one thousand temples and raised mosques on their foundations”.
According to Kamil-ut-Tawarikh of Ibn Asir, “The slaughter of Hindus (at Varanasi) was immense; none were spared except women and children, and the carnage of men went on until the earth was weary.”
The women and children were spared so that they could be enslaved and sold all over the Islamic world. It may be added that the Buddhist complex at Sarnath was sacked at this time, and the Bhikshus were slaughtered.
“three bastions as high as heaven with their heads, and their carcases became food for beasts of prey. The tract was freed from idols and idol worship and the foundations of infidelism were destroyed.”
In 1194 AD Aibak destroyed 27 Hindu temples at Delhi and built the Quwwat-ul-lslam mosque with their debris. According to Nizami, Aibak “adorned it with the stones and gold obtained from the temples which had been demolished by elephants”.
“fifty thousand infidels were dispatched to hell by the sword” and “more than twenty thousand slaves, and cattle beyond all calculation fell into the hands of the victors”.
The city was sacked, its temples demolished, and its palaces plundered. On his return to Ajmer, Aibak destroyed the Sanskrit College of Visaladeva, and laid the foundations of a mosque which came to be known as ‘Adhai Din ka Jhompada’.
“The temples were converted into mosques… Fifty thousand men came under the collar of slavery and the plain became black as pitch with Hindus.”
A free-lance adventurer, Muhammad Bakhtyar Khalji, was moving further east. In 1200 AD he sacked the undefended university town of Odantpuri in Bihar and massacred the Buddhist monks in the monasteries. In 1202 AD he took Nadiya by surprise. Badauni records in his Muntakhab-ut-Tawarikh that “property and booty beyond computation fell into the hands of the Muslims and Muhammad Bakhtyar having destroyed the places of worship and idol temples of the infidels founded mosques and Khanqahs”.
In 1193, Qutb-ud-din Aybak, a Turkish commander, seized control of Delhi, leaving defenseless the northeastern territories that were the heart of Buddhist India. The Mahabodhi Temple was almost completely destroyed by the invading Muslim forces. One of Qutb-ud-Din’s generals, Ikhtiar Uddin Muhammad Bin Bakhtiyar Khilji, invaded Magadha and destroyed the great Buddhist shrines at Nalanda. The Buddhism of Magadha suffered a tremendous decline under Khilji.
In 1200 Muhammad Khilji, one of Qutb-ud-Din’s generals destroyed monasteries fortified by the Sena armies, such as the one at Vikramshila. Many monuments of ancient Indian civilization were destroyed by the invading armies, including Buddhist sanctuaries near Benares. Buddhist monks who escaped the massacre fled to Nepal, Tibet and South India.
According to the Isdhoo (Laamu Atoll), monks from monasteries of the southern atoll of Haddhunmathi were brought to Malé and beheaded
The Maha-Bodhi By Maha Bodhi Society, Calcutta
History > The early Muslim period > North India under Muslim hegemony, c. 1200–1526 > The Delhi sultanate > The Turkish conquest – Britannica
Islam at War: A History by Mark W. Walton, George F. Nafziger, Laurent W. Mbanda (page 226)
THE SLAVE (MAMLUK) SULTANS
Shamsuddin Iltutmish who succeeded Aibak at Delhi invaded Malwa in 1234 AD. He destroyed an ancient temple at Vidisha. Badauni reports in his ‘Muntakhab-ut-Tawarikh':
“Having destroyed the idol temple of Ujjain which had been built six hundred years previously, and was called Mahakal, he levelled it to its foundations, and threw down the image of Rai Vikramajit from whom the Hindus reckon their era, and brought certain images of cast molten brass and placed them on the ground in front of the doors of mosques of old Delhi, and ordered the people of trample them under foot.”
Muslim power in India suffered a serious setback after Iltutmish. Balkan had to battle against a revival of Hindu power. The Katehar Rajputs of what came to be known as Rohilkhand in later history, had so far refused to submit to Islamic imperialism. Balkan led an expedition across the Ganges in 1254 AD. According to Badauni,
“In two days after leaving Delhi, he arrived in the midst of the territory of Katihar and put to death every male, even those of eight years of age, and bound the women.”
But in spite of such wanton cruelty, Muslim power continued to decline till the Khaljis revived it after 1290 AD.
Jalaluddin Khalji led an expedition to Ranthambhor in 1291 AD. On the way he destroyed Hindu temples at Chain.
Alauddin became Sultan in 1296 AD after murdering his uncle and father-in-law, Jalaluddin. In 1298 AD he equipped an expedition to Gujarat under his generals Ulugh Khan and Nusrat Khan. The invaders plundered the ports of Surat and Cambay. The temple of Somnath, which had been rebuilt by the Hindus, was plundered and the idol taken to Delhi for being trodden upon by the Muslims. The whole region was subjected to fire and sword, and Hindus were slaughtered en masse. Kampala Devi, the queen of Gujarat, was captured along with the royal treasury, brought to Delhi and forced into Alauddin’s harem.
Firuz Shah Tughlaq led an expedition to Orissa in 1360 AD. He destroyed the temple of Jagannath at Puri, and desecrated many other Hindu shrines. According to ‘Sirat-i-Firoz Shahi’ which he himself wrote or dictated,
“Allah who is the only true God and has no other emanation, endowed the king of Islam with the strength to destroy this ancient shrine on the eastern sea-coast and to plunge it into the sea, and after its destruction he ordered the image of Jagannath to be perforated, and disgraced it by casting it down on the ground. They dug out other idols which were worshipped by the polytheists in the kingdom of Jajnagar and overthrew them as they did the image of Jagannath, for being laid in front of the mosques along the path of the Sunnis and the way of the ‘musallis’ (Muslim congregation for namaz) and stretched them in front of the portals of every mosque, so that the body and sides of the images might be trampled at the time of ascent and descent, entrance and exit, by the shoes on the feet of the Muslims.”
After the sack of the temples in Orissa, Firoz Shah Tughlaq attacked an island on the sea-coast where “nearly 100,000 men of Jajnagar had taken refuge with their women, children, kinsmen and relations”. The swordsmen of Islam turned “the island into a basin of blood by the massacre of the unbelievers”.
A worse fate overtook the Hindu women. Sirat-i-Firuz Shahs records: “Women with babies and pregnant ladies were haltered, manacled, fettered and enchained, and pressed as slaves into service in the house of every soldier.”
Still more horrible scenes were enacted by Firuz Shah Tughlaq at Nagarkot (Kangra) where he sacked the shrine of Jvalamukhi. Firishta records that the Sultan “broke the idols of Jvalamukhi, mixed their fragments with the flesh of cows and hung them in nose bags round the necks of Brahmins. He sent the principal idol as trophy to Medina.”
FOR MORE DETAILS CHECK THIS SITE
The Magnitude of Muslim Atrocities
(Ghazanavi to Amir Timur)
Mughal rule also contributed to the decline of Buddhism. They are reported to have destroyed many Hindu temples and Buddhist shrines alike or converted many sacred Hindu places into Muslim shrines and mosques. Mughal rulers like Aurangzeb destroyed Buddhist temples and monasteries and replaced them with Islamic mosques.
War at the Top of the World: The Struggle for Afghanistan, Kashmir, and Tibet by Eric S. Margolis page 165
India by Sarina Singh
The pyramids of Giza were originally white.
When the pyramids were originally finished, they were plated in and outer layer of white “casing stones”.
The original casing stones were made of highly polished Tura limestone, meant to reflect the sun’s rays, and were accurate within 1/100th of an inch. All total, they were around five feet long, five feet high, and six feet deep and weighed around 15 metric tons each once the face angle was cut, being around 40 metric tons before that for the full block.
So what happened to these casing stones? Many of them were cut loose and carried off to be used on various other structures, such as when Bahri Sultan An-Nasir Nasir-ad-Din al-Hasan in 1356 used the polished stones from the Great Pyramid in building mosques in Cairo, some of which are still standing with these stones still intact.
The Pantokrator Monastery in Istanbul, Turkey, was looted and converted into the Zeyrek Djami mosque after Constantinople was conquered by the Turks in 1453. The city itself was also looted, its citizens were either slaughtered or enslaved.
ISLAM BRINGS THE WONDERS OF SLAVERY TO PAGAN EUROPE
BYZANTINE CHRISTIANS AND JEWS WHERE SLAVE TRADERS AS WELL (ALL ABRAHAMIC MONOTHEISTS)
IT WAS PAGAN EUROPEANS THAT FOUND SLAVERY REPULSIVE AND IN PAGAN EUROPE THERE WHERE NO SLAVE MARKETS OR SLAVE TRADERS….ONLY VICTIMS OF ISLAMIC AND CHRISTIAN AND JEWISH SLAVERY
Islam arrives in Europe
The Islamic World was also a main factor in Medieval European slavery. From the early 700s until the early Modern time period (rough the 18th or 19th centuries) Muslims consistently took European slaves. This slavery began during the Muslim Conquest of Visigothic Spain and Portugal in the 8th century. The Muslim powers of Iberia both raided for slaves and purchased slaves from European merchants, often the Jewish Radhanites, one of the few groups that could easily move between the Christian and Islamic worlds. As the Muslims failed to conquer Europe in the 8th century they took to pirate raids against the shores of Spain, southern Portugal and France, and Italy, that would last roughly from the 9th century until the 12th century, when the Italian city-states of Genoa, Venice, and Pisa, along with the Spanish kingdoms of Aragon and Castile, as well as the Sicilian Normans, began to dominate the Mediterranean. The Middle Ages from 1100 to 1500 saw a continuation of the European slave trade, though with a shift from the Western Mediterranean Islamic nations to the Eastern, as Venice and Genoa, in firm control of the Eastern Mediterranean from the 12th century and the Black Sea from the 13th century sold both Slavic and Baltic slaves, as well as Georgians, Turks, and other ethnic groups of the Black Sea and Caucasus, to the Muslim nations of the Middle East. The sale of European slaves by Europeans slowly ended as the Slavic and Baltic ethnic groups Christianized by the Late Middle Ages. European slaves in the Islamic World would, however, continue into the Modern time period as Muslim pirates, primarily Algerians, with the support of the Ottoman Empire, raided European coasts and shipping from the 16th to the 19th centuries, ending their attacks with the naval decline of the Ottoman Empire in the late 16th and 17th centuries, as well as the European conquest of North Africa throughout the 19th century.
AND THESE PEOPLE WONDER WHY THE CRUSADES HAPPENED?!?!?!
IF YOU ARE GOING TO SLAVE TRADE PEOPLE AND DESTROY THIER CULTURES FOR CENTURIES ,IN THE NAME OF GOD ,THERE WILL BE ONE HELL OF A PAYBACK ONE DAY
PLEASE ASK YOUR GOD TO SAVE YOU FROM YOUR VICTIMS VENGENCE
….AND STOP BLUBBING ABOUT THE CRUSADES…..PAYBACK IS A BITCH!!
BTW THE CRUSADERS WHERE FRANKS AND WORSHIPPED ABRAHAMIC MONOTHEISM JUST LIKE THE MUSLIMS AND THE JEWS WHO WHERE HAPPY TO SELL FRANKS AS SLAVES
THE ISLAMIC OTTOMAN EMPIRE
SLAVE TRADERS AND DESTROYERS OF ART ,ARCHITECTURE ,BOOKS AND HISTORY
By the 16th century, the Ottomans had become an existential threat to Europe. Ottoman conquests in Europe made significant gains with a decisive victory at Mohács
The coastal villages and towns of Spain, Italy and the Mediterranean islands were frequently attacked by Barbary pirates from North Africa; the Formentera was even temporarily left by its population and long stretches of the Spanish and Italian coasts were almost completely abandoned by their inhabitants. The most famous corsair was the Turkish Barbarossa (“Redbeard”). According to Robert C. Davis, between 1 million and 1.25 million Europeans were captured by North African pirates and sold as slaves in North Africa and Ottoman Empire between the 16th and 19th centuries
The Barbary pirates, sometimes called Barbary corsairs or Ottoman corsairs, were pirates and privateers who operated from North Africa, based primarily in the ports of Tunis, Tripoli and Algiers. This area was known in Europe as the Barbary Coast, a term derived from the name of its Berber inhabitants. Their predation extended throughout the Mediterranean, south along West Africa’s Atlantic seaboard and even South America, and into the North Atlantic as far north as Iceland, but they primarily operated in the western Mediterranean. In addition to seizing ships, they engaged in Razzias, raids on European coastal towns and villages, mainly in Italy, France, Spain, and Portugal, but also in the British Isles, the Netherlands and as far away as Iceland. The main purpose of their attacks was to capture Christian slaves for the Islamic market in North Africa and the Middle East.
Estimating slave numbers
North African pirate ship According to observers of the late 1500s and early 1600s, there were around 35,000 European Christian slaves held throughout this time on the Barbary Coast – many in Tripoli, Tunis, and various Moroccan towns, but most of all in Algiers.
The unfortunates were sometimes taken by the thousands, by slavers who raided the coasts of Valencia, Andalusia, Calabria and Sicily so often that eventually it was said that ‘there was no one left to capture any longer’.
When Europeans were slaves: Research suggests white slavery was much more common than previously believed, , Ohio State Research Communications (Ohio State University), March 8, 2004, http://researchnews.osu.edu/archive/whtslav.htm, retrieved 2008-10-08
Elephantine Island (Egypt) prior to 1822, there were temples to Thutmose III and Amenhotep III on the island. At that time they were destroyed by the Ottoman government. Both temples were relatively intact prior to the deliberate demolition. A rare calendar, known as the Elephantine Calendar of Things, dating to the reign of Thutmose III, was found in fragments on the island.
THE WISDOM OF ISLAM IS ALL STOLEN
The works Claudius Ptolemy and pagan Greek sciences generally were preserved by the Ishmaelites.
These included occult sciences such as alchemy derived from pagan Hellenic and other civilizations such as Hindu India.
SAUDI ARABIA COVERING THIER OWN LIES?
The officially approved form of Islam in Saudi Arabia, Wahhabism, is hostile to any reverence given to historical or religious places of significance for fear that it may give rise to idolatry. As a consequence, under Saudi rule, it has been estimated that since 1985 about 95% of Mecca’s historic buildings, most over a thousand years old, have been demolished.
Historic sites of religious importance which have been destroyed by the Saudis include five of the renowned “Seven Mosques” initially built by Muhammad’s daughter and four of his “greatest Companions”: Masjid Abu Bakr, Masjid Salman al-Farsi, Masjid Umar ibn al-Khattab, Masjid Sayyida Fatima bint Rasulullah and Masjid Ali ibn Abu Talib.
It has been reported that there now are fewer than 20 structures remaining in Mecca that date back to the time of Muhammad. Other buildings that have been destroyed include the house of Khadijah, the wife of Muhammad, demolished to make way for public lavatories; the house of Abu Bakr, Muhammad’s companion, now the site of the local Hilton hotel; the house of Ali-Oraid, the grandson of Muhammad, and the Mosque of abu-Qubais, now the location of the King’s palace in Mecca; Muhammad’s birthplace, demolished to make way for a library; and the Abraj Al Bait Towers, built after demolishing the Ottoman-era Ajyad Fortress.
The ostensible reason for much of the destruction of historic buildings has been for the construction of hotels, apartments, parking lots and other infrastructure facilities for Hajj pilgrims. However, many have been destroyed without any such reason. For example, when the house of Ali-Oraid, the grandson of Muhammed was discovered and excavated, King Fahd himself ordered that it be bulldozed in case it should become a pilgrimage site
Taylor, Jerome (2011-09-24). “Mecca for the rich: Islam’s holiest site ‘turning into Vegas'”. The Independent (London).
The destruction of Mecca: Saudi hardliners are wiping out their own heritage’, The Independent, 6 August 2005, retrieved 17 Jan. 2011
Destruction of Islamic Architectural Heritage in Saudi Arabia: A Wake-up Call, The American Muslim, retrieved 17 Jan. 2011
‘Shame of the House of Saud: Shadows over Mecca’, The Independent, 19 April 2006
THE ORIGINAL FASCISM THAT ABRAHAMIC MONOTHEISM IS CONTINUES TODAY…
The Church of Saint Ambrose
The church of St Ambrose in the Agios Amvrosios, in the Kyrenia district of Cyprus after the murder or ethnic cleansing of Agios Amvrosios of every inhabitant by the the Turkish Army in 1974
The Ladakh Buddhist Association has said: “There is a deliberate and organised design to convert Kargil’s Buddhists to Islam. In the last four years, about 50 girls and married women with children were taken and converted from village Wakha alone. If this continues unchecked, we fear that Buddhists will be wiped out from Kargil in the next two decades or so. Anyone objecting to such allurement and conversions is harassed.”
The giant Bamiyan Buddhas were destroyed by the fundamentalist Taliban regime in 2001 in defiance of worldwide condemnation.
The government encourages Muslim settlement in Buddhist areas, as part of its campaign to promote Islam
Primarily Buddhist Thailand has been involved in a fight with Muslim insurgents in the South. Buddhists have been beheaded and clergy and teachers are frequently threatened with their lives. Shootings of Buddhists are quite frequent in the South, as are bombings, and attacking religious establishments.
^ Insurgents Behead Buddhist in Thailand Fox News – January 14, 2007
^ In Muslim Thailand, teachers face rising threat International Herald Tribune – July 4, 2005
^ South Thailand: ‘They’re getting fiercer’ Asia Times – December 7, 2006
^ Boonthanom, Surapan (2007-03-19). “Three Buddhist women dead in south Thailand attack”. Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/latestCrisis/idUSBKK34991. Retrieved 2007-09-22.
^ Two killed in south Thailand Al-Jazeera – November 20, 2006
^ “Three Buddhist Temples Attacked With Explosives (Thailand)”. Reuters (Pluralism Project). 2004-05-16. http://www.pluralism.org/news/article.php?id=7046. Retrieved 2007-09-22.
^ Chronology of Cambodian Events Since 1950 Cambodian Genocide Program – Yale University
Invention of Christianity
Invention of Judaism
CAN I THANK “aaa” FOR ALL HIS HELP AND INPUT IN THIS TOPIC
MY I ALSO RECOMMEND READING HIS COMMENTS
THESE COMMENTS SHOW PERSONS WHO ARE PATIONATE ABOUT THIER ARABIC AND PERSIAN HISTORY AND CULTURE ,AND RIGHTLY SO.
BUT THEY ARE WORRIED ABOUT THE EFFECTS OF ABRAHAMIC MONOTHEISM